LDL is an acronym for "low-density lipoprotein" cholesterol is the "Bad Cholesterol".HDL is an acronym for "High-density lipoprotein" cholesterol known as the "Good PROTEIN"
HOW DO LDL AND HDL DIFFER STRUCTURALLY AND FUNCTIONALLY?
The LDL lower the cholesterol levels and the structure only 50% cholesterol and 25% protein, In the other hand HDL removes all the bad cholesterol from building up in the arteries and its 20% chlesterol 50% protein.
WHY DO DOCTORS MONITOR THE CONCENTRATIONS OD LDL AND HDL IN THE PATIENT'S BLOOD
They monitor the HDL & LDL levels because is shows the chances of a heart diseases, Whether cholesterol is being taken to or from the heart.
HOW ARE THE CONCENTRATIONS OF LDL & HDL ASSOCIATED WITH THE RISK FOR HEART DISEASE AND ASSOCIATED DISORDERS?
The LDL carry cholesterol away from the blood stream but more of LDL the cholesterol build up in the arteries and increases the possibility of a heart attack or a stroke. The HDL decreases the possibility of a heart diease or disorder because it removes all the "bad" Cholesterol.
WHAT OTHER MOLECULES IN A PATIENT'S BLOOD ARE MONITORED AlONG WITH LDL AND HDL?
Another molecule thats monitored is the triglyceride.
WHAT DO THE RESULTS OF A CHOLESTEROL TEST MEANS? HOW DO PATIENTS INTERPRET EACH VALUE?
The test is measure in mg/dl, They give you four values total cholesterol, LDL (GOOD), HDL(BAD), Triglycerides(Blood fats)
What can paitents do to change the levels of LDL & HDL in their blood?
They can maintain a healthy diet that reduces LDL and increases HDL.
How does intake of unsaturated, saturated, and trans fats affect cholesterol levels and overall health?
Saturated and trans fats increases the level of cholesterol. Unsatuated fats help the HDL control the "bad" Cholesterol.