Water We all need it but do we all have it?

By: Kaia Khawaja Brown

Do you ever wonder if everyone is as privileged as you? When I say privileged you might think I’m talking about toys, and other luxuries but some countries (third world countries to be precise) have very little water supply. Imagine going day after day parched? Well some people have to do just that to survive.

The Ancient Egyptians were one of the first ancient civilizations. They had simple but effective ways of doing things, but what was even better was that the world’s longest river was housed in their backyard. To get water out of the Nile they had to use a machine of new technology...the shaduf. Not all countries were that lucky, as some spent weeks with no water.

The Nile River is the longest river on earth, but what more does it have to offer than astonishing facts? Where is it? How is\was it important to the Egyptians? What does it have to do with my project?

The Nile River flows north through Egypt until it reaches its final destination of the Mediterranean Sea. It was, and continues to be, important to the Egyptians because they could drink the water and use it as a mode of transportation (for themselves and goods). With the annual flood, a small patch of dusty dry land becomes moisturized. This allowed them to expand their farm land which is also a benefit, but this is not a final solution, because the Nile only floods once a year around September. My goal is to encourage people to get water to third world countries that are currently facing droughts.Egypt is a good example of a dry country that has come up with a way to get water, which is why I’ve chosen my project to be on Egypt. So now you know about the Nile, but how exactly did they get their water? With a shaduf of course!

This a sketch of the shaduf

The shaduf helped the Egyptians get something they would die without...water! The shaduf is a machine that let them get water without even getting a drop of water on them.The shaduf ‘s parts are the fulcrum,the rope, the pole, the weight, the bucket,and the operator. Imagine a fork with two prongs. Now, in between those prongs there is a pole. On one end of the pole there is a bucket side-by-side with the rope. On the other side of the pole there is a weight. The person pulls on the rope, which dips the bucket in the water. When they pull it up it is full of water. If this sounds cool you might want to consider building a model, though it might need a little fundraising.

To build… to create you need supplies. Some supplies could be new, recycled or upcycled *for more about recycling see RJ’s writing*. If you need some ideas on how to raise money, read on. One ridiculously good idea is to do a community head shave. Although you might not think that this is a full proof plan you should take it into consideration. All you need is a community, some ballots, and some “Lucky” volunteers. First you have people volunteer to get a free head shaved for free on stage. Then other people buy votes. Once the votes are in one of the volunteers gets their head shaved live. If you would like to try something classic do a car wash, a seasonal beverage stand (lemonade or hot cocoa), or a bake sale.

Once you’ve raised enough money it is time to start building the model.

For the genius hour showcase I built a shaduf. The reason I chose this project was because I have a mild obsession with Ancient Egypt. A few years back, I heard about the shaduf . This year when we did our passion bracket (a bracket used to decide our passion that we are most passionate about), my passion of Ancient Egypt won over all. It was then that I remembered about the shaduf. I knew that lack of water was a unsolved world problem. To raise awareness of this problem I decided to build a working model of the shaduf. I thought it might spark people’s interest in helping to solve the third world countries’ dilemma of lack of water.

Now that you know how to build the model...apply it.

Third world countries across the globe need your help!

Created By
Kaia Khawaja Brown


Created with images by Dirklaudio - "Gocce D'Acqua (Water Drops)"

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