Culture of War- Vietnam By: Preston Laub

Vietnamese Culture Values

  • Vietnamese Dragons in myths were to peasants, a symbol for the fourfold deity-clouds, rain, thunder and lighting.
  • Vietnamese traditional stilt houses yet simple, very much compliment Vietnam's natural setting
  • Young Vietnamese have to show respect to people of higher age, status, and position, this is a strict part in the culture of Vietnam.
  • A "good name" is better than any material possession in this world to the Vietnamese; a bad reputation is the worst and people with such are looked down upon.

The Vietnamese Tactics

  • They used the jungle as their ally
  • They hid in tunnels for cover and sneak attacks
  • Many Booby Traps were used

Vietnamese Weapons

  • Punji Stakes
  • Booby traps
  • AK-47
  • The Vietnamese used a lot of Russian an Chinese weapons

U.S. Tactics

  • America fought a high tech war
  • Bombing raids were our main strategy

U.S. Weapons

  • Flame throwers and Zippo Tanks
  • M-16 was our main assault weapon
  • We used phosphorus grenades in Vietnam

During the Vietnam War

  • Civil Rights Movement
  • During the heat of the Vietnam War, the civil rights movement was in full effect.
  • Political Cartoons

During/After the War

  • Peace Movements
  • Young people were the ones protesting, as they were the ones being drafted
  • Popular among the

Counterculture

  • In American society. It consisted of young, potentially disaffected people rethinking the direction of American society
  • Opposition to the war turned to street protests in an effort to turn US political opinion
  • Groups involved include students, military veterans, hippies, educators, academics, lawyers and ordinary Americans

Public Opinion

  • Peace movements and the civil rights movement swayed opinions of the war during its peak, and steadily declined till one year before the end

Draft Resistance

  • 1960s-protests at college campuses
  • Burned draft cards
  • Early '70s-draft resistance reached its peak
  • People could also avoid the draft if they had a disability or if they were needed at home (receive a deferment)
  • Draft Dodgers-people who fled to Canada to avoid the war

1st Lottery Draft

  • Process
  • 366 capsules, each containing a date
  • Pulled and opened each capsule one by one to determine the priority in which men would be called to serve

2nd Lottery Draft

  • Used the alphabet to order the priority among men with the same birthday
  • Used the first letter of your last name

After the War

Veterans of the War

  • After the war, many veterans had a hard time readjusting into American society
  • Mental illnesses such as PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) hindered many veterans from getting jobs
  • Many became homeless as they had no way to pay bills since they couldn't hold onto any jobs

The Vietnam War in Pop-Culture

  • Shortly after its end, the Vietnam war became a symbol of pop culture, lasting into today
  • Many movies, video games and books were based off of the war (Full Metal Jacket, The Green Berets, Forrest Gump, Call of Duty, The Things They Carried)
  • The character of a "Crazy Vietnam Veteran" became a common theme among these adaptations

Peace Movements After the War

  • The anti-war movement forced U.S. to sign a peace treaty to withdraw forces and end the draft
  • An impressive record of nonviolent action occurred
  • Many anti-war groups remained active in opposition to other wars including Iraq and Afghanistan

Race Equality

  • African Americans were being discriminated at home, and in the war as well
  • The war heightened the desire for equality among races
  • Martin Luther King Jr. would speak out against the war in his speeches

Sources

  • http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-history
  • https://www.britannica.com/event/Vietnam-War
  • http://www.historynet.com/vietnam-war

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