The Apartheid Era is an era that occurred in South Africa between 1948 and 1991. It was a system of institutionalized racial segregation and discrimination between citizens in the population. It acted similar to the Jim crow laws but to a much worse extent. You can see examples of this in documents 3. In document 5, you see a glimpse in how they were under rule. They are controlled by government by how they do. Whites get more benefits than blacks even though they are the minority in the population as seen in document 2 and 1. The importance of knowing what it was gives explanation as to why the events occurred with Nelson Mandela.
Nelson Mandela was a political figure that helped rebel against the government for their own freedom. He joined the anti-apartheid movement and with other important people helped others to overthrow the government and became the new president of south Africa between 1994 and 1999. You can see this in document 7,8,6, and 9. Today there are still injustices like this in the world. The most recent example of this is Ferguson,Mo. Its known for police brutality,racism against blacks. The protests made there were chaotic but the town is an example of document 5. We can fix this if we just fix the police system there, listen to peoples complaints to form an agreement that helps each other, and help just get the community together but for now we just need to see and watch.