Dates of Presidency: First April 30th, 1789, Second March 4th, 1797
Political Party: No Political Party
Domestic Issues and Policies: Economy: National Bank, 1789 Protective tariff = Import tax on European products-- meant to encourage U.S. production, Excise Tax = Tax on products produced for sale and distribution (i.e. Whiskey), Whiskey Rebellion: Federal government sent in troops-- Showed of the power of the Government
Foreign Issues and Policies: Neutrality = Declared when French Revolution broke out, Democratic Republicans wanted support Jacobins, Federalist wanted to support Britain
Laws Passed By George Washington: George Washington passed the first naturalization law of the United States, the first copyright law and a law that established the U.S. capital in the District of Columbia, along the Potomac River. Washington passed all these laws in 1790.
The Whiskey Rebellion was a revolt against the US Government in West Virginia.It was provoked by a tax on whisky, and was the first serious challenge to federal authority. Collection of the tax met violent resistance, but when President Washington called out the militia, the rebellion collapsed.
Rebel would tar and feather tax collectors as punishment
The successful handling of the Whiskey Rebellion enforced several constitutional ideas the rebellion challenged, such as the right of the federal government to pass and enforce laws, and the right to collect taxes from the citizens of all states.
The Whiskey Rebellion was caused by a special tax on whiskey designed by then Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton. Hamilton wanted to empower the federal government, as well as levy its power over the states. The taxes were incredibly unpopular in several states.
Dates of Presidency: March 4th, 1797- March 4th, 1801
Political Party: Federalist
Federal- Believes in a Loose Government
Foreign Policy Ranking: Good to Poor
Adams, who had significant diplomatic experience as US ambassador to England before the adoption of the Constitution, inherited bad blood with France when he took over the presidency from George Washington. His responses kept the United States out of full-blown war, but fatally hurt the Federalist party.
President John Adams passes the Naturalization Act, the first of four pieces of controversial legislation known together as the Alien and Sedition Acts
Wars: Quasi War
Presidential Term: 4 March, 1801--- 4 March, 1809
Political Party: Democratic-Republican
Domestic Policy: Transcript of Thomas Jefferson Domestic Policy. Transition to “Jeffersonian Democracy” placed strict limits on the national government and embraced agrarianism. Felt strongly about a smaller military, as well as a smaller national government.
Foreign Policy:The first foreign episode involved Jefferson's war with the Barbary pirates. For the previous century or so, Western nations had paid bribes to the Barbary states, which would later become Morocco, Algeria, Tunis, and Tripolitania, to keep them from harassing American and merchant ships.