Presidents Kassey smith

Washington

Dates of Presidency: First April 30th, 1789, Second March 4th, 1797

Political Party: No Political Party

Domestic Issues and Policies: Economy: National Bank, 1789 Protective tariff = Import tax on European products-- meant to encourage U.S. production, Excise Tax = Tax on products produced for sale and distribution (i.e. Whiskey), Whiskey Rebellion: Federal government sent in troops-- Showed of the power of the Government

Foreign Issues and Policies: Neutrality = Declared when French Revolution broke out, Democratic Republicans wanted support Jacobins, Federalist wanted to support Britain

Laws Passed By George Washington: George Washington passed the first naturalization law of the United States, the first copyright law and a law that established the U.S. capital in the District of Columbia, along the Potomac River. Washington passed all these laws in 1790.

Foreign Affairs

Foreign Issues and Policies:

Neutrality = Declared when French Revolution broke out

Democratic Republicans wanted support Jacobins, Federalist wanted to support Britain

The Whiskey Rebellion was a revolt against the US Government in West Virginia.It was provoked by a tax on whisky, and was the first serious challenge to federal authority. Collection of the tax met violent resistance, but when President Washington called out the militia, the rebellion collapsed.

Rebel would tar and feather tax collectors as punishment

This is the rebels Tarring and Feathering the Tax Collectors

The successful handling of the Whiskey Rebellion enforced several constitutional ideas the rebellion challenged, such as the right of the federal government to pass and enforce laws, and the right to collect taxes from the citizens of all states.

The Whiskey Rebellion was caused by a special tax on whiskey designed by then Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton. Hamilton wanted to empower the federal government, as well as levy its power over the states. The taxes were incredibly unpopular in several states.

Washington urged Americans to avoid excessive political party spirit and geographical distinctions. In foreign affairs.The address was printed in Philadelphia's American Daily Advertiser on September 19, 1796.

In his Farewell Address George Washington warned Americans against entering permanent alliances with other nations and against having great passions either for or against any foreign nation in his farewell address. Instead, he urged the nation to agree to temporary alliances as necessary.

In the fall of 1796, nearing the end of his term, George Washington published a farewell address, intended to serve as a guide to future statecraft for the American public and his successors in office.

John Adams

John Adams

Dates of Presidency: March 4th, 1797- March 4th, 1801

Political Party: Federalist

Federal- Believes in a Loose Government

Foreign Policy Ranking: Good to Poor

Adams, who had significant diplomatic experience as US ambassador to England before the adoption of the Constitution, inherited bad blood with France when he took over the presidency from George Washington. His responses kept the United States out of full-blown war, but fatally hurt the Federalist party.

President John Adams passes the Naturalization Act, the first of four pieces of controversial legislation known together as the Alien and Sedition Acts

Wars: Quasi War

The XYZ Affair was a diplomatic incident between French and United States diplomats that resulted in a limited, undeclared war known as the Quasi-War. U.S. and French negotiators restored peace with the Convention of 1800, also known as the Treaty of Mortefontaine.

The purpose of the XYZ Affairs is to make the U.S. mad by asking a bribe to see the government official that they were suppose to meet but instead they got three random people. The U.S. called it the XYZ Affairs because they wanted the citizens of the U.S. to think that it could have been any of the people in France.

The XYZ Affair was also called the Quasi-War with France. By 1798, relations between France and the United States had grown bitter due to what France saw as the United States' support of Britain in her war against France. The French retaliated by seizing cargo from U.S. ships and impressing the country's seamen into serving on French ships. The French government also refused to receive the U.S. ambassador to France, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney.

Quasi War

The Quasi War ended on September 30, 1800 when the Treaty of Mortefontaine ended hostilities between the US and France. Privateers were used by the French against the United States. The French privateers were privately owned warships commissioned to prey on the commercial shipping or warships of an enemy nation.

The Convention of 1800, 8 Stat. 178, also known as the Treaty of Mortefontaine, was a treaty between the United States of America and France to settle the hostilities that had erupted during the Quasi-War.

The Quasi War was an undeclared naval war, which raged at sea from 1798 to 1800.

Impressment

Impressment, colloquially, "the press" or the "press gang", refers to the act of taking men into a military or naval force by compulsion, with or without notice. Navies of several nations used forced recruitment by various means.

U.S. Soldiers getting Impressing by the British

Between 1793 and 1812, the British impressed more than 15,000 U.S. sailors to supplement their fleet during their Napoleonic Wars with France.

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson

Presidential Term: 4 March, 1801--- 4 March, 1809

Political Party: Democratic-Republican

Domestic Policy: Transcript of Thomas Jefferson Domestic Policy. Transition to “Jeffersonian Democracy” placed strict limits on the national government and embraced agrarianism. Felt strongly about a smaller military, as well as a smaller national government.

Foreign Policy:The first foreign episode involved Jefferson's war with the Barbary pirates. For the previous century or so, Western nations had paid bribes to the Barbary states, which would later become Morocco, Algeria, Tunis, and Tripolitania, to keep them from harassing American and merchant ships.

The Louisiana Purchase (1803) was a land deal between the United States and France, in which the U.S. acquired approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million.

President Thomas Jefferson commissioned the Corps of Discovery Expedition (1804-06), led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, to explore the territory acquired in the Louisiana Purchase, among other objectives. In 1801, Spain signed a secret treaty with France to return Louisiana Territory to France.

President Thomas Jefferson sought to purchase the town of New Orleans and the surrounding territory, then simply known as the Louisiana Territory, from the French in order to secure trading routes for the United States. He wanted to prevent any disruption in American economics that would come from disrupted trade.

Credits:

Created with images by Mike Licht, NotionsCapital.com - "Declaration Drafting Committee, after Jean Leon Gerome Ferris"

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