Art History Scrapbook Baroque art

Hannah Riley

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Chair of Saint Peter on the left and bust of Louis XIV on the right

The Chair of Saint Peter is significant and Barouque because it has an exaggeration of gold and detail that creates a dramatic effect. The Chair of Saint Peter is in the Vatican City of Rome which is sovereign territory, the "Chair" represents a throne.

The Bust of Louis XIV is significant and Barouqe becuase it is very detailed and his expression shows the power he holds as a sovereign leader. Louis was a sovereign leader in the country of France this sculpture of him was placed in Louis's very own palace at Versailles most likely to impress visitors of the palace.


"David with the Head of Goliath" on the left and "Supper at Emmaus" on the right

David with the Head of Goliath is Baroque because it is very dramatic with David holding Goliath's dismembered head with blood dripping off of it. David with the Head of Goliath represents the power of David during a time of absolutism where the king would do almost anything for absolute power.

Supper at Emmaus is Baroque because the painting exaggerates the emotions of the disciples when they realize Jesus had risen from the dead. This painting fits into art history because it is religious and shows the power God has and that he could enter our daily lives.

Diego Velázquez

"Las Meninas" on the left and "Portrait of Innocent X" on the right

Las Meninas is Baroque because it is very detailed and creates illusions for the viewer of the painting. Las Meninas reflects social life during this time because the young Margaret Theresa is surrounded by many people preparing her for a portrait, during this time period the absolute monarchs distracted the nobles by having them compete for social status and pampering of the monarch themselves.

The portrait of Innocent X is Baroque because it exaggerates on detail from his clothes to his facial expression to make a dramatic effect. This portrait reflects the urge for power during this time period from the Church as well as absolute monarchs.

Period Summary

The styles and themes that make up Baroque art are characteristics like detail used to produce dramatic effects or tension in sculptures, paintings or architecture. For example artists add tremendous detail like Gold in Saint Peters Chair by Bernini or the blood and facial expression of defeat on Goliath's face in David with the head of Goliath by Caravaggio. Art has changed from the Renaissance because during the Renaissance art reflected intellectual achievement of writers, painters and philosophers for example "The School of Athens" by Raphael. Baroque art focuses more on figures of power and making dramatic pieces for example the bust of Louis XIV by Bernini.

The Dutch Golden Age

Rembrandt Van Rijn

"The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp" on the left and "The Night Watch" on the right.

The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp is Dutch because of it's realism of a doctor doing a surgical procedure. This painting reflects the patronage of art during the Dutch Golden Age because various real doctors paid commission to be painted into The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp.

The Night Watch is Dutch because of its realism. Real people (Frans Banning Cocq and his lieutenant Willem Van Ruytenburch) are painted in the center. This painting reflects the unity of the Dutch Protestants and Dutch Catholics against the Spaniards.

Peter Paul Rubens

The "Garden of Love" on the left and "The Hippopotamus and the Crocodile Hunt" on the right

The Garden of Love is Dutch because of its detailed realism of the noble elites. This reflects how the noble elites lived in lavish during this time period.

The Hippopotamus and Crocodile Hunt is Dutch because of its realism of the animals and also the realism of hunting these animals because they were thought of as trouble. The Hippopotamus and Crocodile Hunt also demonstrates the scientific era when they had a growing interest in empiricism and natural history, this painting shows great detail on these exotic animals.

Anthony Van Dyck

"Equestrian Portrait of Charles I" on the left, "Charles I at the Hunt" in the middle, and "Charles I in Three Positions" on the left

The Equestrian Portrait of Charles, Charles I at the Hunt and Charles I in Three Positions all reflect the era of Absolutism. Charles I was an absolute monarch in England and appointed Anthony Van Dyck as his principal painter.

Period Summary

What the art of the Golden Age reveals about the 17th century Netherlands is the social experiences and aspirations of the Noble elites for example the Garden of Love by Rubens shows what Noble elites would wear and do in their free time. Another example is The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp because it demonstrates the medical advances during this time in medicine and in surgery. The similarities between Dutch Golden Age art and Baroque art is the great attention to detail in each painting. The differences between Dutch art and Baroque art is that Baroque art is very dramatic with its detail and has a powerful effect, and Dutch art has more realistic features and pays attention to things of everyday life.

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