The Struggle Of Man Against Power By: Jake Demarco

War Tactics

Guerrilla Warfare became immensely popular during the time of the Vietnam War and has been used ever since. Guerrilla Warfare was nothing like past wars had used. It was the act of, small scale, fast moving, unorthodox military strategies. Some people called it the "Rebellious" war tactic. Guerrilla Warfare gained popularity during The Vietnam War because it was never seen in previous wars. Guerrilla Warfare didn't have any training and was very spontaneous. It used brute force, stealth, planning, and common sense to determine every move.

This tactic of war was used by all types of soldiers in all types of situations. Usually, it takes place where there is lots of shelter and cover such as jungles of forests.
This is a modern-day layout of some of the tactics used during the war. Some layouts could hold 2 people or up to 15-20 people depending on the area.

Race Equality

Race inflicted protests were all over cities due to racism in the draft, unfair distribution of the countries finances, and segregation in the army.

There almost weren't any blacks in the draft of the Vietnam war at first, in fact, some members of the draft board were leaders or members in the Klu Klux Klan. It was very racist and discriminating and segregation was seen all throughout the war. Eventually, people began to think that the Vietnam War was some kind of genocide to pump all of America's money into the war instead of the black communities. Soon, African Americans did join the war and fight and served as over 12% of the army serving. Since many blacks died during the war and was segregated while serving their country, they saw it as racist and unfair and had race riots on military bases.

There were many advertisements and posters directed to African Americans because they blacks didn't think they could serve at first.
Many African Americans served in the war and served as a huge help to America. They weren't always treated equally though. There was segregation in the war.

Music

Music played a huge role as the soundtrack to the war. Artists like Bob Dylan, John Lennon, and Jimi Hendrix held the spotlight for the majority of the war. Rock music was popular but at the time it was called anti-war or protest music. The song Give Peace A Chance by John Lennon was the number one song during this era and the lyrics are directly about the war. Music delivered a message universally and spoke for all kinds of people all around the world.

John Lennon, "Give Peace a Chance" was the #1 song during the Vietnam War
Bob Dylan was a well known musician through the Vietnam war era.

Media

There wasn't many channels when TV was first released, so there was only one news station and everyone knew the reporters because there wasn't very many.

Media played the role of giving the public updates on the war on keeping them informed. With the rise of new technology such as television, video and audio recorders, and newer cameras, there were photographers who joined the war to document. At first, the war didn't gain much media attention, but after attacks on civilians and death toll going up, the media wanted to know more. The war was quickly seen in every living room across the country. After lots of graphic and offensive things shown on television, the war was instantly seen as very negative. The media also spread lots of propaganda about the war to the public.

A newspaper from the war with a very important headline. Most newspapers had lots of information, as much as they could fit on.

Protests

If you weren't in the army, you were most likely protesting weather it be for peace or equal drafting.

At the beginning of the war, there wasn't much to revolt against, but after bombings, civilian raids, and unfair drafting, people began to protest for peace. The protests weren't ever too violent, but people held signs saying things like, "bring our troops home" "make peace for us" and "make love not war". Many protests were because of race or the draft, but if you were in a protest, you weren't happy about something, even if its about wanting peace.

"Make Love Not War" was seen in every protest group, it was a quote that was constantly used throughout the war.

Family Rules

Families were torn apart and sent into panic in an attempt to survive the attacks on some villages and towns as an outcome of the war.

Most families with kids eligible for the draft were completely against the idea of their family going to the war. They would often suggest hiding from the draft or even running away temporarily. They were willing to do whatever it takes to keep their family safe. For families without anyone eligible, they still could see the war happening through media, but they tried to hide it from their kids to keep them unaware of the violence.

When the war was over, people waited in desperation to see if their loved ones survived or not. Because there wasn't any media to deliver instant updates to the families back home, they had to just wait to see if their family would come home.

The Draft

On December 1st, 1969, the draft started in lottery style. 2/3rds of the army were volunteers and all men ages 18-25 had to register. Most of the draft members were lower class civilians from poor families. Many people would resist the draft and burn their draft cards or run away.

The draft happened as a lottery with birthday's with corresponding names,

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-p5X1FjyD_g

Purpose

The purpose of the Vietnam war was to stop the spread of worldwide communism. The United States stood up against communism and acted as the "World Police" to stop the spread of it in neighboring and allied countries and an attempt to kill of communism.

Lots of people thought that there was no purpose to the Vietnam War and saw it as a waste of people, money, and time.

Economics

The war had many expensive needs that drained America's economy. Factories that were used to make goods were mass producing supplies to be shipped out to army bases. Controversy rose over where all the countries money was going because lots of the funds were going over seas.

Propaganda

With the rise of spreading communism, America feared that it would infect the U.S Civilians. The governments made propaganda for the greater good of the civilians by showing how bad communism is. They showed it as monsters and beasts and used fear to strike their message into the minds of civilians. With the new technology and advancements in media, it was much easier to deliver a message to all the civilians through newspaper or TV.

The most common picture during the war, made more people volunteer for the war.
The sympathetic tactic was used to persuade people's beliefs.
Some posters shot fear into the eyes of civilians.

Values/Beliefs

Many of the civilians expressed their values and beliefs through protest and music. Phrases like "Make Love Not War" were just one of the phrases seen on so many posters and heard throughout the country. There were protests and riots throughout major cities about topics such as race, drafts, family, and death count, all tying back to the war. People believed that if the government saw that the civilians were upset and people were getting hurt over the war, that there would be a change.

Government/Foreign Policy

The Vietnam War changed the way that the policy was forever. It ended the draft method of recruiting and switched over to an all-volunteer army. This had made many people happy and made America's army tougher. It also restrained the president's power, and gave more freedom to the people. The war also increased the country's involvement in foreign affairs. Most of all, the war left civilians feeling like they couldn't trust their government due to all the local bombings and attacks. They felt like they weren't protected under the government.

Re-integration Into Society

Since the Vietnam War affected so many people all across the country and was considered one of the most controversial wars ever, it was very hard to go back into normal life after the war had ended. Because the draft had taken normal people out of their jobs and houses so suddenly, many people couldn't go back to their normal life because they were either killed or left with serious Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. PTSD had been caused by fighting in the war and seeing and experiencing such traumatic events to themselves or the people around them.

Soldiers help their fallen troops after the war.
The aftermath of many attacks left irreversible damage to local villages, homes, and families who did nothing to deserve it.

Homefront

Many anti-war protesters who are now called "hippies" put pressure on political figures and persuaded the public's opinion. The media showed the reality of the terrible things happening during the war to the public to get them to help abandon the war. Images like bombings, raids, and caskets of all the fallen American troops were shown as a way of persuasion. The majority of people were not supportive of the Vietnam War and were not happy about the events happening all throughout the country.

Many people back home couldn't do anything to help, but they did what they could.

Citations

"Home Front during the Vietnam War." HomefrontduringtheVietnamWar - Home Front during the Vietnam War. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2017.

Biello/AQ. "Vietnam War." Vietnam War Aftermath. N.p., 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 03 May 2017.

"Foreign Policy, Vietnam War, and Watergate, The Impact of Vietnam." The Impact of Vietnam - Foreign Policy, Vietnam War, and Watergate - History - USA - North America: Usa History, Kent State, Shattered Faith, First War, Foreign Policy. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2017.

History.com Staff. "Vietnam War Protests." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2010. Web. 03 May 2017.

"Media Role in The Vietnam War." The Vietnam War. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2017.

"Media Role in The Vietnam War - Page 2 of 2." The Vietnam War. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2017.

"Guerrilla Warfare." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., n.d. Web. 03 May 2017.

Scott L. Reda , Special for USA TODAY. "Race and the Vietnam War." USA Today. Gannett Satellite Information Network, 19 Aug. 2013. Web. 03 May 2017.

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