South Africa | EventImportant events in SoUth african history
The earliest hunter-gatherers in southern Africa were the San people. The San were also known as 'Bushmen', a term used by the European Colonists that is now considered derogatory. The San populated South Africa long before the arrival of the Bantu-speaking nations, and thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans.
In around 2300 BP (Before Present), hunter-gatherers called the San acquired domestic stock in what is now modern day Botswana. Their population grew, and spread throughout the Western half of South Africa. They were the first pastoralists in southern Africa, and called themselves Khoikhoi (or Khoe), which means 'men of men' or 'the real people'. This name was chosen to show pride in their past and culture. The Khoikhoi brought a new way of life to South Africa and to the San, who were hunter-gatherers as opposed to herders. This led to misunderstandings and subsequent conflict between the two groups.
Between the 1870s and 1900, Africa faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization. At the same time, African societies put up various forms of resistance against the attempt to colonize their countries and impose foreign domination. By the early twentieth century, however, much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by European powers.
The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution. The imperatives of capitalist industrialization—including the demand for assured sources of raw materials, the search for guaranteed markets and profitable investment outlets—spurred the European scramble and the partition and eventual conquest of Africa. Thus the primary motivation for European intrusion was economic.
African National Congress
The ANC was formed on 8 January 1912 by Saul Msane,Josiah Gumede, John Dube, Pixley ka Isaka Seme and Sol Plaatje along with chiefs, people's representatives, and church organisations, and other prominent individuals to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms, the ANC from its inception represented both traditional and modern elements, from tribal chiefs to church and community bodies and educated black professionals, though women were only admitted as actual members from 1931 and as full members in 1943.
The National Party (Afrikaans: Nasionale Party) was a political party in South Africa founded in 1915 and first became the governing party of the country in 1924. It was in opposition during the World War II years but returned to power and was again in government from 4 June 1948 until 9 May 1994. At this time, it began implementing its policy of racial segregation, known as 'apartheid'. Members of the National Party were sometimes known as Nationalists or Nats. The policies of the party included apartheid, the establishment of a republic, and the promotion of Afrikaner culture.
Nelson Mandela spent his young life fighting for the freedom of South Africa's black and coloured population from oppression imposed by the minority government. He was imprisoned for 27 years. Soon after release, he became the first president of South Africa in elections in which all the people could vote. He gave great priority to reconciliation between the races.
Mandela gets put in Jail
Nelson Mandela was arrested in 1956 for treason, in 1962 for leaving the country without a passport and in 1964, Mandela was charged with sabotage while incarcerated at Pretoria Local Prison. He was sentenced to 5 years in prison in 1962 and then sentenced to life in 1964. CONTINUE READING
ANC Wins Election
The African National Congress – ANC is trending ahead in huge margins on final election polls conducted by ENC news channel on 01 August 2016. This comes after the ANC showed its dominance by filling five stadiums across the country on its Siyanqoba rallies on Sunday. In a massive turnaround, the ANC is now back on the lead in Tshwane, edging ahead of the Democratic Alliance (DA) in the capital city. According to the polls the ANC seems to be on the lead on all metros including Tshwane where initial predictions were against it. Analysts have attributed ANC’s win to ground work that it embarked on over the last fews days leading to the past weekend.