British economic policies contributed to famine. There were 15 major famines in India between 1769 and 1944. Uneven rainfall and an overuse of export crops, which the British economy relied upon, reduced the amount of food that could have been grown for Indians to survive. Additionally, grains were exported for profit and not used domestically for food.
The Great Famine of 1876–78, also known as the Great Famine of 1876–78, which affected the southern portion of India, killed 10.3 million people.
Europe's population was experiencing rapid growth during the 1700s and 1800s. This caused a great demand for food and raw materials. Thus,cultivation of land increased during colonization of India. The British encouraged the production of commercial crops like jute, sugar, wheat and cotton.