India By: Jessica L. Lizzie L. and Justine W.

INTRODUCTION

-India is a Democratic Republic

-The government is a federal structure, with several state governments as well

-Government is structured under 1949 Constitution

CONSTITUTION

-India's federalism is not the result of the agreement between states, compared to America's creation of the contitution

-Only one citizenship for both the states and union in India, in the United States we require Dual Citizenship

-They have one union constitution, none for the states. America has one for the nation and separate ones for each state

-Is the world's longest constitution with 25 parts, 448 Articles, and 100 amendments

POLITICS

-The meeting of Indian representatives is called the House of the People, compared to USA's House of Representatives

-Each Indian state sends an MP to the parliament depending of the population of each state. This is similar to America's representative system, except we have some based on population and some equal for each state

-India has an electoral college, similar to America's

-India contains a total of 6 national political parties, and has other recognized state parties

LEGISLATIVE POWERS

-Two Houses of the Indian Parliament

-The legislative branch has the power to veto and grant pardons, similar to the powers of our legislative branch

-Exercised by Parliament, but they do not have complete control

-Legislative has control over the Executive Branch, differing from America's executive power

EXECUTIVE POWERS

-India has a President and a Vice President, same as America

-Prime minister is chief of government, chief advisor to the president, head of the council of ministers, and is head of the majority party in parliament. This differs from American powers, because we have no prime minister. These jobs are taken over by other leaders

- The Indian president is head of state, commander in chief, and head of government. The American president holds all of these powers as well

JUDICIAL POWERS

-The judicial system gets its powers from the constitution, similar to America

-The Indian judicial system is one of the oldest legal systems in history

-The constitution of India is supreme law in the country

-They have a village court, district court, high court, and supreme court. Compared to America's federal vs. state courts along with supreme court

-India supreme court contains a chief justice and 30 judges. USA's consists of a chief justice and 9 judges

CURRENT EVENTS

-A challenge this nation is facing extreme poverty

-It is one of the quickest developing economies, but contains corruption within it in several categories

-Overpopulation has been causing several problems, not only economically but also with damaging the environment and the scarcity of resources available

WORKS CITED

http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/world/india-government.html

http://www.preservearticles.com/201012301970/difference-between-indian-constitution-and-american-constitution.html

http://www.gktoday.in/legislative-powers-of-president-of-india/

https://www.wikipedia.org/ Government of India, Politics of India, Constitution of India, Law of India

http://indianyouthedu.blogspot.com/2016/03/major-problems-india-is-facing-today.html

http://www.silf.org.in/16/indian-judicial-system.htm

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