Divided into 3 sections - max, medium, min. and offenders are classified according to their crime, prospects of rehabilitation and good behaviour
Provided to offenders who are vulnerable to attack from other prisoners.
Correction Officers have a duty of care to offenders including reducing the risk of physical violence. This includes offences against children, police officers, politicians
Conditional release of a prisoner from custody after completion of the min term of the sentence.
Provides an incentive for rehabilitation. Prisoner is under supervision of a parole officer and conditions may include being placed on a good behaviour bond, gaining employment, avoiding certain people and places, attending rehabilitation, counselling
PREVENTATIVE AND CONTINUED DETENTION
Controversial due to the fact that it involves imprisonment for a crime they MAY commit - depriving a person freedom without guilt.
Terrorism (Police Powers) Act 2002 allows for preventative detention
preventative detention – holding a person in custody in case of some future harm that they may commit, but without having committed an offence
continued detention – on-going detention of a person after they have already served their full sentence
SEXUAL OFFENDERS REGISTRATION
Both State and Federal database of sex offenders - The NSW Child Protection Register and Australian National Child Offenders Register (ANCOR)
Designed to protect the community by keeping a record of those who have convictions relating to sex offences against children.
Generally 8 years for adults and 4 years for juvenile offenders
Migration Act 1958 (cwlth)
An extremely serious offence and usually highly publicised - for non-citizens living in Australia