The Holocaust A Genocide in History

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Throughout history there have been many historical events that have changed us as a person and as a country in a positive way. Although there are many positive historical events, there are many negative historical events that have changed u in how we think and how we view things. For example on event that will is negative but will be known forever is the holocaust. The holocaust was the genocide of approximately 17 million people a majority of those killings were jewish people. The holocaust was caused by the upbringing of Nazi-Germany whose leader was Adolf Hitler.

Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)

Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. Hitler rose to power in German politics as leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, also known as the Nazi Party. Hitler adopted many of the anti-Semitic, nationalist and anti-Marxist ideas of party founder Anton Drexler.

Anton Drexler (1884-1942)

The Great Depression was a political opportunity for Hitler which eventually he became the chancellor because Germany believed he could promote political balance. Hitler gained control over the legislative and executive branches of government. Hitler's Nazi Party was declared the only legal political party in Germany. In October of that year, Hitler ordered Germany's withdrawal from The League of Nations.

The Nazi Party

From 1933 until the start of the war in 1939, Hitler and his Nazi regime instituted hundreds of laws and regulations to restrict and exclude Jews in society. The Anti-Semitic laws were issued throughout all levels of government, making good on the Nazis’ pledge to persecute Jews if the party came to power. On April 1, 1933, Hitler implemented a national boycott of Jewish businesses, followed by the introduction of the ”Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service"of April 7, 1933, which was one of the first laws to persecute Jews by excluding them from state service. This was a Nazi implementation of the Aryan Paragraph, a clause calling for the exclusion of Jews and non-Aryans from organizations, employment and eventually all aspects of public life.

On September 15, 1935, the Reichstag introduced the Nuremberg Laws which defined a "Jew" as anyone with three or four grandparents who were Jewish, regardless of whether the person considered themselves Jewish or observed the religion. The Nuremberg Laws also set forth the "Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour," which banned marriage between non-Jewish and Jewish Germans; and the Reich Citizenship Law, which deprived "non-Aryans" of the benefits of German citizenship.

Hitler's eugenic policies also targeted children with physical and developmental disabilities, and later authorized a euthanasia program for disabled adults. His regime also persecuted homosexuals, arresting an estimated 100,000 men from 1933 to 1945, some of whom were imprisoned or sent to concentration camps. At the camps, gay prisoners were forced to wear pink triangles to identify their homosexuality, which Nazis considered a crime and a disease.

Hitler also promoted anti-smoking campaigns across the country. These campaigns stemmed from Hitler's self-imposed dietary restrictions, which included abstinence from alcohol and meat. Fueled by fanaticism over what he believed was a superior Aryan race, he encouraged Germans to keep their bodies pure of any intoxicating or unclean substance.

In 1936, Hitler and his regime muted their Anti-Semitic rhetoric and actions when Germany hosted the Winter and Summer Olympics Games, in an effort to avoid criticism on the world stage and a negative impact on tourism. However, after the Olympics, the Nazi persecution of Jews intensified with the continued "Aryanization" of Jewish businesses, which involved the firing of Jewish workers and takeover by non-Jewish owners.

There had been death and mass executions of people that didn't fit the German principle.

The Concentration Camps

Eventually people who didn't fit the German principle were forced into concentration camps and extermination camps, where there were many deaths and mass executions. many groups of people like Poles, communists, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses and trade unionists. Prisoners were used as forced laborers for SS Construction projects, and in some instances they were forced to build and expand concentration camps.

The Nuremberg Trials

The Nuremberg Trials were a series of military tribunals, held by the allied forces after World War II, which were most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, judicial and economic leadership of Nazi Germany who planned, carried out, or otherwise participated in the Holocaust and other war crimes. The trials were held in the city of Nuremberg, Germany.

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Created with images by #adamtasimages - "One way track" • DzidekLasek - "auschwitz history the museum"

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