Type 1 Diabetes

Background

Type 1 Diabetes is mostly found in children and young adults. In this type of Diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Type 1 Diabetes is when your pancreas doesn't produce insulin because of damage to the pancreas and sugar doesn't get into your cells to provide energy.

Dietary Guidlines

Diabetics should typically limit themselves to no more than 180 grams of carbohydrates a day which is equal to about 45-60 grams per meal. The ideal meal is 1/4 protein, 1/4 starch, and 1/2 non starchy vegetables. The daily carbs:fats:proteins ratio in percentage of grams is 55:20:25. Nutrient dense carbohydrates are recommended because the fiber will not raise blood sugar. A dense carbohydrate is a carbohydrate that provides large amounts of nutrients and a simple dense carbohydrate is wheat bread, while a simple carbohydrate is white bread.

Monitoring blood sugar

You should test your blood sugar 4-8 times a day, including before exercise, before meals or snacks, and sometimes during the night. If you get sick, begin a new medication, or change your daily routine you should check more frequently. To check your blood sugar you use a test kit and prick your finger to get a drop of blood touch and hold the edge of a test strip and wait for the results. The normal blood sugar would be 200 mg/dl or more, the fasting blood sugar should be 126 mg/dl or more, and the 2 hours after eating blood sugar is 200mg/dl or more. If you have too low of a blood sugar you can become uncomfortable, and if your blood sugar becomes too high then you can also become very uncomfortable.To monitor your blood sugar long term yous take this A1C test every three months.

Lifestyle and Exercise information

Always be prepared to raise your blood sugar quickly. You can do this by having a sugary snack, candy, or drink with you at all times. You should still exercise but monitor your blood sugar before and after and exercise according to your levels. You should only exercise 20-30 minutes each day. Hiking, going on walks, and biking are recommended exercises.

Success story

http://www.dlife.com/diabetes/famous_people/sports/james-hunter-biography

Citations

  • http://www.dlife.com/diabetes/famous_people
  • http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/parents-and-kids/everyday-life/sports-recreation.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/
  • https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000305.htm

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