Athena GReek Goddess

Athena, also referred to as Athene, is a very important goddess of many things. She is goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill.

She is known most specifically for her strategic skill in warfare and is often portrayed as companion of heroes and is the patron goddess of heroic endeavour.

Athena was born from zeus after he experienced an enormous headache and she sprang fully grown and in armor from his forehead. She has no mother but one of the most commonly told stories is that Zeus impregnated Metis, the goddess of crafty thought and wisdom, and then swallowed her whole as he feared she will give birth to a child more powerful than him because of a prophecy, but she had already given birth.

Athena was the Goddess of War, the female counterpart of ARES.

She was the daughter of Zeus; no mother birthed her. She sprang from Zeus’s head, fully grown and in armor. She was Zeus’s favorite child.

According to Homer’s account in the Iliad, Athena was a fierce and ruthless warrior. In the Odyssey, she was angry and unforgiving. In the course of the Trojan War, she drove Ajax to madness.

Known for protecting civilized life, she was the Goddess of the City Greece .According to some sources, Athena was praised for her compassion and generosity.Athena was a patron of the arts and crafts, especially when it came to spinning and weaving.In later poetry, Athena embodied wisdom and rational thought.

Athena served as a guardian of Athens, where the Parthenon served as her temple.Zeus trusted her to wield the aegis and his thunderbolt.Her most important festival was the Panathenaea, which was celebrated annually at Athens.

Athenas temple replica

She is referred to in poetry as “gray-eyed.”The owl was her bird, and the olive tree was hers.She turned the weaver Arachene into a spider after the mortal woman insulted Athena and the Olympian gods.Athena reared Ericthonius, son of Hephaestus . He was half man, half serpent. Athena put the infant in a chest and gave it to others to watch over, forbidding them to open it. When they did, she drove them mad as punishment.

She is one of three virgin goddesses; the other two were Hestia and Artemis .

Artemis and hestia

Athena invented the flute, but she never played it.

Hermes and Athena went to the aid of Perseus in his quest to kill Medusa. Looking directly at Medusa would turn any man to stone, so Athena provided Perseus with her polished shield. Using it, he was able to see Medusa as if looking in a mirror. Again, Athena guided his hand as he cut off Medusa’s head with his sword.

Perseus cutting off medusas head

Hera and Athena fought against Paris in the Trojan War since he had awarded the Golden Apple to Aphrodite .The sacred image of Athena, a wood statue called the Palladium, protected the Trojans as long as they had it. Odysseus and Diomedes executed a plan to steal the image, greatly encouraging the Greeks in their hopes to end the long-suffering war.

Paris

Athena helped Heraclese when , as a part of his penance, he was required to drive away the Stymphalian birds. She got them moving, and Heraclese shot them.

ATHENA FACTS

Name(s): Athena, Athene, Pallas Athena, Pallas Athene

Rules over: Wisdom and War

Gender: Female

Symbols: Owls, Olive trees, Snakes, Aegis, Armor, Helmets, Spears

Sacred animal: Owl

Parents: Metis; Metis and Zeus; Zeus

Metis,left, Zeus , right

Siblings: Artemis, Aphrodite, the Muses, the Graces, Ares, Apollo, Dionysus, Hebe, Hermes, Heracles, Helen of Troy, Hephaestus, Minos, Perseus, Porus

From left to right :Artemis apollo and Aphrodite

Roman name: Minerva

Credits:

Created with images by sfmission.com - "Watching Over the Carnaval San Francisco 2012 City Hall Reception" • theogeo - "the parthenon" • ahisgett - "Female Barn Owl 2" • dimitrisvetsikas1969 - "olive tree nature countryside" • LongitudeLatitude - "snake" • ahisgett - "Female Barn Owl 2"

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