"Globalisation is a good thing." Discuss. By alexander pearson

For this project I have chosen 3 countries. They are: Brazil, Turkey, and Papua New Guinea.I am going to see if the hypotheses agree with this statement and if the evidence found will agree with the hypotheses. The hypotheses are:

  • Globalisation will help countries develop.
  • globalisation helps countries develop quicker.
  • globalisation will have a good effect on people's living conditions
  • Globalisation leads to the disappearance of unique attributes.

We will look at the positives, negatives and form a small conclusion for each country. To do this we need to know multiple things.

  • GDP
  • Local viewpoint
  • Stakeholders (anything to do with the country)
  • Imports vs Exports
  • Politics / leadership
  • Risk

The first country I am doing is Brazil. Here are a few facts:

  • It has a population of 211,243,220 (2017)
  • It is the largest country in south america.
  • It's total area is 8,511,965 square kilometers.
  • It is the fifth largest country by population.

Brazil has been affected by globalization in many ways, here are some positive examples:

  • Brazil import and export 228 billion dollars each year. This is a good thing in many ways as it is an even balance of imports vs exports. This keeps the economy going and therefore employment which slowly improves people's lives. The availability of jobs cuts unemployment.
As you can see, globalization has caused unemployment rates to go down
  • The life expectancy has raised by over 20 years since 1960, this is due to the advances in medicine and technology allowing people to survive.
This graph shows the life expectancy in Brazil from 1960 to 2011, also comparing them to the USA and Zimbabwe.
  • what many people don't take into account when looking at the statistics of a country is actually literacy rates, which are very important. When people in countries like Brazil know how to read and write, they have a better chance at getting a more important job. Being literate is also generally really important in life. Globalization has improved the adult literacy rate throughout the years.
this graph shows the percentage of adult literacy rates.

Although Globalisation has a good effect on Brazil in many ways it can also have the opposite effect, here are some examples of Globalisation having a bad effect on Brazil.

  • Deforestation. This could possibly be the biggest problem of stopping global warming in the world. In the Amazon Rainforest in Brazil this is a huge problem.
  • As most people already know, climate change is due to the increasing levels of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere, and if trees are being cut down, the main thing that turns the CO2 into oxygen, then climate change is only going to speed up.
  • Trees are being cut down at a ridiculously high rate which creates a lot of money for the people working for them, but in turn severely damages the earth, and contributes to climate change. deforestation also causes the loss of habitat for the many species that live there.

This is probably the biggest problem that globalisation has caused in Brazil, with about 7500 sq km of land being deforested in 2016

Although deforestation has decreased since the 2000's, it has had a rise in recent years.
  • Brazil is a very cultural place and Globalisation may be slowly destroying that culture. The rise in technology is a good thing but it may lead to people using other things that might mean loss of culture, this is something that isn't measurable but can happen.
  • Brazil is also not the safest place, the crime rates are quite high compared to the rest of the world, and globalisation may lead to crime rates increasing. this is because of the divide in the rich/poor gap and globalisation has caused people to move to big cities hoping for a job. They move to a city and create temporary housing called slums/favelas. These are not safe places.
certain regions of brazil have high homicide rates compared to the rest of the world.

In conclusion I think that globalisation generally has a good effect on brazil, this is apart from the high rates of deforestation which is a severe matter and needs to be stopped.

My next country is Mexico:

Here are a few facts about Mexico:

  • The capital of Mexico is Mexico city.
  • The population is around 129 million, here is the current population

Here are some positives:

  • In mexico globalisation has lead to people wanting a more stable government and this has lead to a more democratic government.
  • Mexico has made it easier to trade in and out of the country, by getting rid of some trade restrictions and by signing the North American Free Trade Agreement.
  • Some companies in Mexico greatly benefit from being based there. 8.1% of their 401 billion dollar exports are from cars, 65% of these exports going to the US. The trading link between those two countries has greatly benefitted Mexico and their growing economy.
  • for example Ford has factories in Mexico which create employment for people and help the economy grow.

Here are some negatives:

  • Much like Brazil, Mexico, as a result of globalisation, has had a loss of culture. Globalisation can cause people to have a better understanding of the rest of the world and this can lead to their culture.
  • Environmental effects are also a very important factor to consider. As of 2010 the carbon emissions were 3.76 metric tons per capita and it is still increasing. This is obviously a very serious matter and Mexico is contributing to this problem in a bad way.

Overall much like Brazil, Mexico is benefitting from globalisation a lot but Global warming is a huge factor that many countries are contributing to.

My third and final country is Papua New Guinea.

Here are some facts:

  • the capital is Port Moresby
  • The population is 7.321 million (2013)

Here are some positives of globalisation:

  • Papua new guinea is not a very developed country and globalisation could potentially help them come into the modern world to help them advance in medicine, technology and many other things.
  • Globalisation has caused international investments in their copper and gold mines which has helped them thrive in their economy.

Negatives:

  • I have repeated this but I believe that it is a very important factor, loss of culture. Papua new Guinea has an amazing culture and can be lost very easily to globalisation.

Overall I believe that Globalisation Is generally a good thing that helps countries develop. This apart from 2 factors, loss of culture and global warming.

Credits:

Created with images by Anselmo Lastra - "Goroka Show"

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