The Best of What Canada has to Offer By: Riva Singh

Multiculturalism

Canada is well known for being very multicultural. One out of every five people in Canada is an immigrant (“Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada”). In 1971, multiculturalism was adopted as an official policy by Canada, becoming the first country in the world to do so (“Canadian Multiculturalism: An Inclusive Citizenship”). From the G8 (Group of 8) countries, Canada had the highest amount of immigrant population that being 20.6%. 72.8% of the immigrant population had a different first language or mother tongue than English or French, which are Canada’s two official languages. Considering Canada’s population is around 35 million, a good chunk of the population, more than 7.8 million weren’t affiliated with a religion. More recently the amount of people coming into Canada are largely from Asia, but in the past there were more people from Europe coming into Canada. About 95% of the immigrant population live in four provinces Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta and Quebec. 9 out of every 10 immigrants, immigrating decided to settle in one of those four provinces (“Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada”).

Diversity in a community is important to me because without it many stereotypes can be developed, those from different cultures won't understand one another. Being in one community together is important. We become more open minded to others, I feel like there's less racism, everyone is comfortable with one another. I think without multiculturalism Canada wouldn’t be the same as it is today. Canada is known for it’s diversity. It’s important that everyone accepts each other rather than saying those from a different background aren’t welcome in a certain area or community just because of their background. It’s 2017 and you think things would be changing, but our neighboring country’s president is trying to ban Muslims from it’s country. All Canadians should be happy, safe and feel welcome wherever they go despite their skin color, race, ethnicity, culture, religion, and beliefs.

Northern Lights

The Northern Lights also known as Aurora Borealis are these multicolored ribbons of light in the sky that can be seen from either the north or south poles (“Northern Lights”). The term “Aurora Borealis” comes from the Roman goddess of morning, Aurora. Galileo Galilei named it this with misunderstanding, thinking the lights were caused by sunlight reflecting off the atmosphere (Dunbar, Brian). The best places to see the Northern Lights in Canada are in Yukon, Nunavut and the Northwest Territories because there is less light pollution there. Many people travel up north specifically to watch these lights. Winter and Spring are the best times of year to see these lights up north. Many colors can be seen but colors like pale pink and green are the most common. These lights are cause by a chemical reaction, gaseous particles in the Earth’s atmosphere collide with charged particles released from the Sun’s atmosphere. (“Northern Lights”).

The Aurora Borealis otherwise known as the Northern Lights is a beautiful phenomenon. I feel like it’s very underrated, no one really talks about the lights. All Canadians that I’ve come across aren’t familiar with these lights. More Canadians should know about this, we have such a beautiful thing to offer if we travel a little more north. We’re lucky to see these lights because maybe later on in the future there’ll be too much light pollution and it’ll be more difficult to see these lights. We should cherish it and try to learn more about nature’s beauty. It’s important to me because this is one of the things on my bucket list, I would love to see these lights and I bet anyone else Canadian or not would love to see these lights as well.

Niagara Falls

The Canadian or Horseshoe Falls

Niagara Falls became a city in 1904 (Gayler, Hugh and John Jackson). But the falls itself are made up of 3 individual falls, the American falls, the Horseshoe falls and the Bridal Veil falls separated by Goat Island. The American falls are 59m high and 260m wide. The Canadian falls or the Horseshoe falls are 54m high and 640m wide (Tinkler, Keith and James H. Marsh). The American and Canadian falls are located on the Niagara River. The Bridal Veil falls is just a smaller waterfall separated from the rest of the American falls by natural forces (“Niagara Falls”). They’re the world’s greatest falls by volume, the volume being 2832m3. The falls were first formed 14,000 years ago. They erode back 1.2m every year. They currently stand back 11km from where they were first formed. (Tinkler, Keith and James H. Marsh). The falls are located on the border separating the States from Canada. In October of 1901, Annie Edson Taylor, a 63 year old school teacher, took a plunge into the falls in a barrel and became the first one to do so. The Niagara river below is around 170 feet deep. Around 12 million tourists from all over the world visit every summer (“Niagara Falls”).

Niagara Falls is well known all over Canada, and basically all over the world. When people think of places in Canada this is probably gonna be one of the places named or mentioned. Canada has so much beauty, there's so many different landscapes and land forms, the falls are one of these things. Canadians know that the falls are beautiful and they’re amazing to look at it. They’re important to me specifically because I have a lot of great memories going there with family and friends. It’s a great tourist attraction and I bet many other millions have made amazing memories there.

Credits:

Created with images by alexindigo - "Canada" • maxlkt - "hands teamwork team-spirit" • MartinStr - "northern lights sweden lapland" • Unsplash - "aurora borealis northern" • Unsplash - "northern lights aurora borealis northern" • ataribravo99 - "niagara falls waterfall" • dvdmnk - "Niagara Falls winter" • Diego3336 - "American Falls"

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