Sidoarjo Mud Flow By: Dominik Stadlman and Delton Larson

The Sidoarjo Mud Flow is a small mud volcano. Their is a myth that if you drop giant concrete balls into the mud volcano it will clog it up and it will stop erupting. This volcano does not spew the normal red extremely hot lava that usually comes out of volcanoes. This volcano spits out a hot mud like subsistence. (http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/10/the-sidoarjo-mud-flow-disaster.html)

Sidoarjo Mud Flow

The Sidoarjo Mud Flow is an ongoing eruption of gas and mud in East Java, Indonesia. Hot mud has been flowing since May 2006 and according flow will continue indefinitely. So far all efforts to stem the flow have failed. (http://www.stormchaser.ca/Environmental_Disasters/Sidoarjo_Mud_Flow/Sidoarjo.html)

The Homes Destroyed by the Mud Volcano

Two different types of causes for the Sidoarjo Mud Flow is Yogyakarta earthquake and recent blowout for a gas well. The Yogyakarta earthquake which could have caused rainfall to got under a clay layer causing gases to form and change the pressure large enough to make a "mud volcano". The well blowout caused a shaking and disturbance making the mud volcano rise. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sidoarjo_mud_flow)

Even the last eruption was ten years ago there is still a major affect on the city. When the mud flow occurred it wipes out the food source and live stock of everyone in the area. Also the mud flow destroyed many of homes as you can see in the picture above. Last The mud flow killed 20 people and when is was over it was found that the mud volcano spewed 26 million gallons a day. (http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/05/29/sidoarjo-mud-volcano-indonesia/)

Scientists in Indonesia are starting to drop giant concrete balls chained together into the mud volcano. The operation is to lower about 2,000 of those concrete balls in the mud volcano hoping that it will clog the volcano and cause it to stop spewing a hot steaming mud. They are also trying another alternative by pumping all the mud into the ocean and they are pumping the mud as fast as they can so people can move back into their homes and start growing crops. (amp.theguardian.com)(nature.com)

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