Cyberbullying A resource for those who care

What is cyberbullying?

According to Kathryn DePaolis, & Anne Williford (2014), “Cyberbullying is defined as repeated negative and aggressive acts or behaviors through electronic media by an individual or group with the intent of causing harm or discomfort to an individual who finds it difficult to defend him or herself.”

Cyberbullying, the Digital Age version of the counterpart bullying is a repeated act that happens over and over again with some sort of malice. Cyberbullying and bullying are not one nasty remark, one shove in line, or one excessively insensitive post, but a pattern of behavior.

According to Charles Notar, Sharon Padgett, & Jessica Roden (2013) “cyberbullying has an effect on both teachers and those being cyberbullied.”

(Cyberbullying Research Center, n.d.)

The numbers (statistics)...

According to a survey conducted by the Cyberbullying Research Center (n.d.) of 5,700 students between the ages of 12 and 17 over a third of students had been cyberbullied.

A little over a quarter of the same students surveyed reported that there was more than two or more incidents of bullying against them in the past 30 days (Cyberbullying Research Center, n.d.)

How can students get involved in the fight against cyberbullying?

Bystander Revolution: Take the Power Out of Bullying

Great resource for students by students.

Benefits of a Prevention Plan

According to C. Notar, S. Padgett, & J. Roden (2013) some programs make bullies think twice before continuing behaviors due to consequences.

Intervention is effective in schools if educators build a relationship with their students (Notar et al., 2013).

Schools, along with parents, are the best lines of defense in educating and preventing cyberbullying (Notar et al., 2013).

Creating a Prevention Plan

According to J. Snakenbord, R. Van Acker, & R. Gable, a basic prevention plan centers around four steps "Stop, Save, Block and Tell."
  1. Stop-do not respond to the bully.
  2. Block-cut off communication with the bully.
  3. Save-save all communication with the bully.
  4. Tell-report the incident to an adult or a person of authority. (Snakenborg et al., 2013)

According to C. Reneau (2014) in an article published on the iste.org website A New Twist on Cyberbullying, edcuators should be "teach consequences, teach empathy, teach identity strength, and give students a voice."

For older high school-aged students it seems a more direct approach to consequences works better (Reneau, 2014).

According to ISTE Standards for Students (2016) part of indicators of a model digital citizen is to "engage in positive, safe, legal and ethical behaviors when using technology, including social interactions online or when using networked devices."

On that same note, teachers are to exhibit and model this behavior for their students (Standards for Teachers, 2008).

References

  • Cyberbullying Research Center. (n.d.). Retrieved April 04, 2017, from http://cyberbullying.org/
  • DePaolis, K., & Williford, A. (2015). The nature and prevalence of cyber victimization among elementary school children. Child & Youth Care Forum, 44(3), 377-393. doi:10.1007/s10566-014-9292-8
  • ISTE Standards For Students. (2016). Retrieved April 04, 2017, from https://www.iste.org/standards/standards/for-students-2016
  • Standards for Teachers. (2008). Retrieved April 04, 2017, from https://www.iste.org/standards/standards/standards-for-teachers
  • Notar, C. E., Padgett, S., & Roden, J. (2013). Cyberbullying: Resources for intervention and prevention. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 1(3), 133-145.
  • Pabian, S., & Vandebosch, H. (2014). Using the theory of planned behaviour to understand cyberbullying: The importance of beliefs for developing interventions. European Journal Of Developmental Psychology, 11(4), 463-477. doi:10.1080/17405629.2013.858626
  • Reneau, C. (2014). A new twist on cyberbullying. Retrieved April 04, 2017, from https://www.iste.org/explore/articledetail?articleid=193
  • Snakenborg, J., Van Acker, R., & Gable, R. A. (2011). Cyberbullying: Prevention and intervention to protect our children and youth. Preventing School Failure, 55(2), 88-95. doi:10.1080/1045988X.2011.539454
  • Take the Power Out of Bullying. (n.d.). Retrieved April 03, 2017, from http://www.bystanderrevolution.org/

Credits:

Created with images by markzfilter - "crying sad child" • saferinternetat - "mobile phone smartphone whatsapp" • Slongood - "homec3" • daneworksonline - "Shanne Dandan on The Voice Kids" • Rebecca.Lynn. - "bully" • Clover Autrey - "stop sign" • the UMF - "Save" • U.S. Naval Forces Central Command/U.S. Fifth Fleet - "USS BATAAN (LHD 5)_140427-M-HZ646-068" • Neva79 - "reporter camera journalist"

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