The ABC's of Africa By: Tearcy O'dell

A. Africa is the second largest continent in the world and is located South of Europe and Africa was once part of the large super continent called Pangaea.

B. Bachwezi Empire was the founders of the ancient empire of Kitara and they were credited with the introduction of the long-horned ankole cattle, coffee growing, iron smelting, and the administration under the king.

C. Cuanza River is a river in Angola and it gives people water access and food.

D. Dinka Tribe is the largest ethnic group in the republic of Sudan and they were a pastoral-agriculture group.

E. Ebola is a disease that has a very high risk of death and if it's not treated properly it can spread quickly throughout the body and cause a much higher risk at death. It also makes a decrease of the population in Africa.

F. French was one of the six countries to colonize Africa in 1624 and was the decadents of the Romans, who now live in France.

G. Ghana Empire is located in western Africa and they traded salt and gold and then became wealthy.

H. High Atlas is a mountain range that stretches around 12500 km and the mountains range goes through Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia.

I. Islam is a popular religion in Africa and has encountered criticism and resistance in several nations of Sub-Saharan Africa.

J. Jade is a stone that they use in Africa to make jewelry out of it and it was first used to manufacture ax heads, weapons, and tools for scraping and hammering because of its toughness.

K. Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain on the African continent and has three volcanic cones, Mawenzi, Shira, and Kibo. Mawenzi and Shira are extinct but Kibo, the highest peak, is dormant and could erupt again.

L. Lebombo Mountains is an 800 km long, narrow range of mountains in Southern Africa they stretch from Hluhluwe in KwaZulu-Natal in the south to Punda Maria in the Limpopo Province in South Africa in the north.

M. Maasai Tribe is known as the best known people of Africa because of their interesting cultures and the Maasai believe in one god named Enkai or Engai.

N. Nile River is the longest in Africa and in the world and and African tribes that live near the river can get there water and food supply there.

O. Orange River is the longest river in southern Africa is about 2,090 kilometers long and the river was name the orange river because of all the orange fruits that grew by it.

P. Pyramids of Giza is the Great Pyramid a true masterpiece and has rightly earned the title of a “Wonder”. The pyramid is estimated to have around 2,300,000 stone blocks that weigh from 2 to 30 tons each and there are even some blocks that weigh over 50 tons.

Q. Qudeni Forest can have strong earthquakes (on average one every 50 years), with occurrences at 5-6 Richter. The area is not very densely populated with 114 people per 2 miles.

R. Rift Valley is also called grabens, which means "ditch" in German. The Rift Valley has a linear-shaped lowland between several different highlands or mountain ranges created by the action of a geologic rift or fault.

S. Salt was used to keep their food from spoiling and to keep the meat good and not rotten. It also became it's currency because it became more popular than gold.

T. Table mountain is flat topped mountain overlooking Cape town and is a huge tourist attraction. The Table mountain cableway opened in 1929. Today each car can carry 65 passengers at a time to the top.

U. Urhobo Tribe is known as living in the tropical rain forests has helped to shape the economic choices of the Urhobo. Urhobo political authority is based on kinship groups, age-grades, and title associations.

V. Victoria Falls is one of the most majestic water spectacles. The Victoria Falls are formed by the rapids of River Zambezi that is mostly in Zimbabwe but a part of which meanders through Zambia.

W.

Credits:

Created with images by Free Grunge Textures - www.freestock.ca - "South Africa Grunge Flag"

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