William Shakespeare was baptized on April 26, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, which has led historians to believe he was born c. April 23, 1564.
He was the third child of John Shakespeare, with two older sisters and three younger brothers - “Before William's birth, his father became a successful merchant and held official positions as alderman and bailiff, an office resembling a mayor”
Personal history of Shakespeare is a mystery, the only primary sources given of his life are his works and church and court records. He most likely attended King’s New School in Stratford.
“William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway on November 28, 1582, in Worcester, in Canterbury Province.” - “William was 18 and Anne was 26, and, as it turns out, pregnant. Their first child, a daughter they named Susanna, was born on May 26, 1583. Two years later, on February 2, 1585, twins Hamnet and Judith were born. Hamnet later died of unknown causes at age 11.”
There are seven years with no record of Shakespeare’s whereabouts, called “the Lost Years (there appears to be many theories of what he was doing during this time period but none have been proven). Shakespeare began making an appearance again in 1592 living as an actor and playwright in London.
“By the early 1590s, documents show William Shakespeare was a managing partner in the Lord Chamberlain's Men, an acting company in London” - “By 1597, 15 of the 37 plays written by William Shakespeare were published” - “By 1599, William Shakespeare and his business partners built their own theater on the south bank of the Thames River, which they called the Globe. In 1605, Shakespeare purchased leases of real estate near Stratford for 440 pounds, which doubled in value and earned him 60 pounds a year.” - “In his poems and plays, Shakespeare invented thousands of words, often combining or contorting Latin, French, and native roots” His plays were divided into four parts consisting of histories, comedies, tragedies, and romances “Only eighteen of Shakespeare’s plays were published separately in quarto editions during his lifetime; a complete collection of his works did not appear until the publication of the First Folio in 1623, several years after his death.”
“We also do not know the cause of his death. His brother-in-law had died a week earlier, which could imply infectious disease, but Shakespeare's health may have had a longer decline.” “The memorial bust of Shakespeare at Holy Trinity Church in Stratford is considered one of two authentic likenesses, because it was approved by people who knew him...The other such likeness is the engraving by Martin Droeshout in the 1623 First Folio edition of Shakespeare's plays, produced seven years after his death by his friends and colleagues from the King's Men.”