April 20, 2017
The word “autism” comes from the Greek word “autos” meaning “self”. It describes a condition in which a person is an “isolated self”.
Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler first used the term “autism” in 1908 to describe a schizophrenic patient who appeared to have withdrawn into his own world.
Hans Asperger and Leo Kanner were pioneers in the research into autism.
Kanner, in 1943, described children who were severely affected, while Asperger, in 1944, described very able children.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) in 1990 defines autism as a developmental disability affecting verbal and non-verbal communication and social interaction, which is generally before the age of three, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
Speech or sound is made when air is pushed out of the lungs, goes through the larynx and epiglottis, then vibrates the vocal chords. The lips, tongue and throat help to produce sound. When the individual is unable to produce sound, this is termed, non-verbal. The early signs and symptoms of non-verbal communication in autism are: avoiding eye contact; using facial expressions that don't necessarily match what the child is saying; not understanding facial expressions of others; gesturing rather than making vocal sounds.
About half of children with autism are non-verbal but they may hum or occasionally utter simple sounds. Autistic children who are verbal often repeat words or phrases they have heard over and over again. This is known as echolalia. The lack of verbal communication among autistic children greatly affects their social skills.
The video above entails characteristics of students with non-verbal disabilities. I will talk more about the symptoms of non verbal disabilities and the skills that are affected by it. As well as some strengths and weaknesses. ZM
There are a number of assistive technologies used today for non-verbal autistic children which will be discussed further.
GENERAL INTERVENTIONS FOR NONVERBAL AUTISM
Caution: There is no single effective strategy that applies to all. A strategy that worked very well for one child may not work with another child, because each child is different.
1. Encourage Play and Social Interaction: Interactive play provides enjoyable opportunities for you and child to communicate.
2. Imitate your child: Mimicking your child's sounds and play behaviors will encourage the child.
3. Focus on non-verbal communication: Make gestures and eye contact the foundation for language. Use gestures that are easy for the child to imitate.
4. Leave "Space" for your child to talk: Watch for any sound or body movements and respond promptly. The promptness of your response helps the child to feel the power of communication.
5. Simplify your language: This will help the child understand you and imitate your speech. Try speaking in single words and then in short phrases.
6. Follow your child's interest: Using the one-up rule, narrate what the child is doing. By talking about what engages your child, you will help him learn the associated vocabulary.
7. Assistive Devices and Visual support: Assistive devices can foster development of speech.
LAMP Words for Life is a full featured communication app .It combines the power of PRC’s Unity® language system and Language Acquisition through Motor Planning (LAMP™), a proven-therapeutic approach that uses consistent motor plans for accessing vocabulary.
The app is appropriate for beginning communicators and skilled communicators with advance language skilled.
1-Hit an introductory level vocabulary where 83 core words are only one touch away
Transition adds additional vocabulary;introduces a second button press, building on the 83 core words from the Introductory Level.
Full Vocabulary includes 3000+ words and allows for personalization
One Motor Pattern per Word allows for the development of quick effortless communication. LAMP features the word duplicate tool.
Vocabulary Builder shows only targeted words to limit distractions and increase success.
Word Finder shows the location where a word is stored
Lamp Words for life costs 299 dollars in APP store.