A Marriage Ceremony, an illustration from 'A Book of Roxburghe Ballads' (woodcut) (b/w photo) . woodcut. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/108_4066732/1/108_4066732/cite. Accessed 16 Mar 2017.
What does Betrothal mean?
Betrothal means engagement. Betrothal leads most likely directly to marriage (Grendler, 51). Customs of marriage and betrothals in the Elizabethan era were the married women were often homemakers, the women were expected to obey their male relatives and marriages were often arranged by the parents ("Daily Life in the Elizabethan Era"). The women of the Elizabethan era were not allowed to be doctors or lawyers and the men were "better" than the women. So what they mean by women were homemakers is that they tended to their duties in their home, cleaning, cooking and taking care of the children and their husband.
Penshurst Wedding. Photography. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/158_2439451/1/158_2439451/cite. Accessed 20 Mar 2017.
How is the intention to marry announced? What happens if it is not announced previous to the event?
Marriage was considered the normal lot of ordinary people. Married after their mate was picked by the parents. In the late 16th century the church became a legal part of the marriage ceremony. Most protestant towns and governments adopted ordinances requiring a wedding to take place in a recognized church in the presence of a minister. Roman Catholic disapproved of weddings that were too private. (Grendler, 51). If you secretly married it was a wrong thing to do because most of the time parents arranged the marriages, and back then it was hardly about romance and love but it was for social or financial purposes (“Daily Life of Elizabethan Era”).
Procession for the wedding of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Princess Elizabeth, c.1613 (engraving) . engraving. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/108_4069470/1/108_4069470/cite. Accessed 20 Mar 2017.
What is a dowry?
Dowry, an important gift given to a woman contributing to her support in marriage or convent life. Until the end of the nineteenth century, parents had an explicit legal obligation to endow their daughters to the best of their abilities. Other relatives or, sometimes, charitable institutions also gave dowries or contributed toward them. In the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries in Latin America most women who married and practically all nuns received a dowry.
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Explain how important a wedding ring to the Elizabethan
During the Elizabethan era, rings were mainly upon rich people And so on…Among the poor, many wives may go their whole lives without a ring, due to the cost. (In a country village, everyone knows who is married.) In some families, the ring may be one that has been preserved and passed down. However, wearing the espousal or marriage ring isn't either universal or sentimental. Many portraits show no ring at all, on men or women. Although wives and others praise the wedding ring as a symbol of the bonds of marriage, no one ever offers to explain why men don't wear them. Puritans disapprove of them as intolerable Romish superstition. Scottish protestants don't use a ring in their ceremonies, and English Puritans resist it furiously. Widows put away their marriage rings since they are no longer considered to be married.
Grendler, Paul F. Encyclopedia of the Renaissance. New York: Scribner's, 1999. Print. "Daily Life in the Elizabethan Era." Elizabethan World Reference Library, edited by Sonia G. Benson and Jennifer York Stock, vol. 1: Almanac, UXL, 2007, pp. 181-194. World History in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX2587000021/WHIC?u=nysl_ca_queen&xid=504c1e5e. Accessed 13 Mar. 2017.
"Earl of Leicester." Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., vol. 9, Gale, 2004, pp. 312-313. Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GVRL.world&sw=w&u=nysl_ca_queen&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CCX3404703808&it=r&asid=9d104e10c3485f94742cc551f4ef87e5. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017.Nazzari, Muriel. "Dowry." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, edited by Jay Kinsbruner and Erick D. Langer, 2nd ed., vol. 2, Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008, pp. 854-856. World History in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX3078901959/WHIC?u=nysl_ca_queen&xid=bbe9d961. Accessed 13 Mar. 2017.
"Daily Life in the Elizabethan Era." Elizabethan World Reference Library, edited by Sonia G. Benson and Jennifer York Stock, vol. 1: Almanac, UXL, 2007, pp. 181-194. World History in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX2587000021/WHIC?u=nysl_ca_queen&xid=504c1e5e. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017.