World War I Jacob kayfes and cede klein

Profile of an American Soldier

• American soldiers of WWI were mainly men around the age of 30 and averaged a height of 5'7". Because the men were around this age, many had families that they had to leave behind when they went to war.

• The American doughboy was a member of the American infantry. They were often called doughboys because they were being viewed by cavalrymen who were, quite literally, above them and before the war doughboy was somewhat of a derogatory term.

Causes of WWI

• Generals and Admirals acted as political leaders and influenced the demands of increase of defensive acts before the war. Militarism brought a lot of pride and tension to countries that caused an unplanned act of aggression.

• There were many alliances, such as the Triple Alliance, the Triple Entente, and the Balkans. The Triple Alliance was made up of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy. The Triple Entente were made up of the British, French, and the Russians. These alliances lead to greater tensions between these countries and were one of the causes of the start of the war.

• Imperialism was a big cause of the war because just before the war, there was race to acquire the last territories open for colonization in Africa. This led to tensions between the main central powers because they were all trying to expand their territory at the time.

• There was lots of nationalism in Germany and the British Empire because they had grown so big from all of there imperialistic actions that their heads grew too. There was also rising nationalism in smaller nations such as the Panslavic that inspired the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand.

Homefront Experience

• The home front was a change in roles of women, jobs, rationing, and daily lives of people of each nation.

• This included celebrations in the streets when men rushed to the jobs and 100,000 volunteers were asked for by the gov't to go to war and instead they got 7 times the amount.

• War meant supplies, which meant they needed more people for factory jobs, so women had a greater chance of jobs in industry.

• War lead to inflation which caused poor families to suffer greatly because of the higher prices.

Causes for US Entry

• there were many reasons for the US to join the war at the point that they did so. One of these things was when Germany sank the Lusitania with a U-boat. They had been sinking ships with US soldiers on board for a while and when the US told them they needed to stop they said they would but still didn't.

• Another reason the US entered into the war was because of the intercepted Zimmerman telegram that the German Empire had tried to send to the Mexican government stating they would help them get the land they ceceded to the US back. This made the US realize that Germany would be an enemy to them and they needed to start fighting back

Battle Summary

• The battle of Verund was fought from February 21st to December 18th, 1916 in the city of Verdun, France

• This battle was fought between France and the German Empire over the 20 large forts and 40 smaller forts that lined the eastern border of France.

• This battle was a major event due to the major historic value of the land for the French. If the French would've lost the land it would've been humiliating for them and would have changed the course of the war.

• Soldiers explained this battle as a bloody, bullet flying, "Meat Grinder" due to the digging of their own trenches and what they had explained as "The Walking Dead".

Outcomes of WW1

• The Axis surrendered to the Allies in 1918. This lead to the creation of the Treaty of Versailles, which distributed the reparations among theAxis powers and gave them a set of limitations

• There were hundreds of limitations set by the Treaty of Versailles, but they could mainly be categorized by territorial, military, financial, and economic limitations. These limitations were made to stop Germany from becoming as big as they were again.

• President Woodrow Wilson gave 14 points that he wanted to act on after the war that were all peaceful rather than harmful or might leave anger in some countries, among these 14 points was the League of Nations, which was meant to be an association of nations that helped to solve world conflict and not allow things like another Great War to be started again, this is one of his points that actually ended up happening in the end

• As a result of the war there was lots of border changes the main countries that lost land were Germany and Austria-Hungary, but they were not the only ones changes in land lead to increase and decrease of land in Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Albania, Greece, and the Ottoman Empire.

• Most of the money that was owed for reparations was put on Germany. They owed about $33million in reparations. Some reparations were also payed by Austria-Hungary but not nearly as much

• WWI was known as the bloodiest war ever during its time, by the end of the war there were over 17 million deaths and 20 million wounded. Germany and Russia having deployed the most troops also had the most deaths during the war and even though it is known as a higher power and bigger country, USA put very few troops into battle and thus resulted in very few total deaths

Credits:

Created with images by Chris., - "World War 1 World War 2 re-enactors Rotherham (115)" • Marine Corps Archives & Special Collections - "Private Bruce Rutherford and Puppies, Okinawa, 1 June 1945" • Trondheim byarkiv - "Den store Seiersparaden i Paris (1919)"

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