The Abolition Movement By Greg Corbin and Michael Dematteo

The movement lasted from 1830-1870

In the decades before the Civil War, anti-slavery sentiment sparked an abolitionist movement that employed risky and radical tactics to bring an end to slavery. The goal of abolitionists was to immediately emancipate all slaves and end racial discrimination. These abolitionists demanded immediate change and distinguished themselves from moderate anti-slavery advocates.

William Lloyd Garrison 1805-1879

Garrison begun his adulatory as a journalist before getting involved in the Abolition. In 1830 he begun his own abolitionist paper known as The Liberator. In 1833 Garrison formed the American Antislavery Society, a organization dedicated to achieving abolition. He was a vital part in achieving abolition.

Sojourner TrutH 1797-1883

Sojourner is the self given name for Isabella Baumfree who was born into a slave family. In 1843 she changed her name and dedicated her life to Methodism and the abolition of slavery. She began to tour the country speaking to large crowds about women's rights and slavery. Her most famous speech came in Ohio which was known as the "Ain't I a Women" speech.

What the movement did well

  1. The Abolitionists did a great job of spreading their cause. Leader William Lloyd Garrison began publishing his famous newspaper, The Liberator, in early 1831. The paper was supported by free African Americans.
  2. The abolitionist leaders also established the American Anti-Slavery society, which denounced slavery as a sin that must be abolished immediately, promoted nonviolence, and disapproved racial injustice.

What the movement did poorly

  1. Abolitionists disitinguised themselves from other opposers to slavery because they had plans for immediate change. They expressed hostility with their words and the South began to think that the North had united against them in favor of black emancipation. This led to mobs and violence throughout the nation.
  2. As abolitionist values began to appear in politics, abolitionist leaders began to disagree among themselves. William Lloyd Garrison was among those that felt spiritual values, such as equal women's rights and an avoidance of corrupt politicians, were required to achieve emancipation. Opposers to him felt that these ideas were only in agreement with Christian values. These arguments split the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1840.

Legacy

The main impact of the Abolition Movement was that it helped bring an end to slavery. Of course, the Civil War was the main factor in the abolishment of slavery, but if not for the abolitionists there would have been less animosity between the North and South. Ultimately, the actions of men and women during the movement helped bring Slavery to the forefront as a real issue, and led to its demise.

Impact today

The Abolition Movement shed a light on racial discrimination and the terrors of it. America has always had racial injustice issues, but overtime the problem has started to decline. In a past survey done by the GSS, 31 percent of white Southerners favored segregated schools in 1972, yet in 1985 they had to remove the question because almost everyone was against it. In 1972, 48 percent of white southerners said they wouldn't vote for a black president. In 2010, just 6 percent of them still said they wouldn't. In 1978, 70 percent of surveyed white southerners thought a homeowner should be allowed to discriminate when selling a house. In 2014, only 28 percent still believed they should be able to discriminate. Overall, these facts prove that our nations issue with racial inequality has begun to improve ever since the Abolition Movment begun. In our classrooms today students discuss slavery and talk about how terrible of a practice it was. Students as well as adults are constantly reminded to treat everyone equally, black or white, and although it still is a problem, the work of the Abolition Movement has had a great influence on our society today.

"The time is all ways right to do what is right" -Martin Luther king jR.

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Credits:

Publishers - Greg Corbin and Michael Dematteo Writers - Greg Corbin and Michael Dematteo Inspiration - Sharron T. Porter

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