Egg Project Shelly Castillo CA2 Period 1

History of the egg

"East Indian history indicates that wild fowl were domesticated as early as 3200 B.C. Egyptian and Chinese records show that fowl were laying eggs for man in 1400 B.C. and Europe has had domesticated hens since 600 B.C.""History of the Egg." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.
How do eggs get from the farm to your house?
  • Laying- "Hens are fed high-quality, nutritionally balanced feed made up mostly of corn, soybean meal, vitamins and minerals." "Where Eggs Come From." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.
  • Collecting- Eggs are gathered by either hand and or by gathering belts.
  • Washing- Eggs are washed
  • Candling-"[Eggs are held] up to a light source and [inspected] for quality" "Where Eggs Come From." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.
  • Sorting and packing- "Eggs are sorted, according to size (minimum weight per dozen), and are placed large-end up in cartons." "Where Eggs Come From." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.
  • Shipping- Eggs are shipped to your local market in refrigerated trucks.
  • Selling and storing- Eggs are sold to your local market and then storaged.
Different methods for purchasing eggs other than your local store.

Going to local egg farms

Difference between organic and non-organic eggs

The difference between organic and non organic eggs is basically that the hens laying the eggs have access to outdoors and are not in cages all the time,they lay eggs naturally without having antibiotics put into them or any catalyst that helps the process to go quicker while non organic eggs may have been laid by hens that had antibiotics put into them to make the process quicker,where in cages or were fed food with GMOs.Basically organic eggs are laid more naturally than non organic.Organic eggs may take longer but they are more natural and safer.

Left - Caged hens non organic. Right - Organic non caged
Difference between Free range,Cage free,Organic,Farm fresh,and Battery cages.

free range

A production unit where chickens are allowed to forage in an outdoor area in search of insects and other types of "range" food. "FOOD SERVICE AND CONSUMERS." USAPEEC: Frequently Asked Questions. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.

Cage free

"Eggs laid by hens at indoor floor operations.Have unlimited access to fresh food and water.Cage-free systems vary and include barn-raised and free-range hens, both of which have shelter that helps protect against predators. Both types are produced under common handling and care practices, which provide floor space, nest space and perches." "Where Eggs Come From." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.

Organic

"Organic eggs are produced by hens fed rations with ingredients that were grown without most conventional pesticides, fungicides, herbicides or commercial fertilizers. " "Where Eggs Come From." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.

Farm fresh

Farm fresh is basically the same as Cage free eggs.Both are cage free.

Battery Eggs (Normal eggs)

On average, each caged laying hen is afforded only 67 square inches of cage space—less space than a single sheet of letter-sized paper on which to live her entire life. Unable even to spread their wings. "Cage-Free vs. Battery-Cage Eggs." The Humane Society of the United States. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2017.

Nutrition information of eggs

"One large egg has varying amounts of 13 essential vitamins and minerals, high-quality protein, all for 70 calories. "Professionals, Egg Resources for Health, and Nutrition Science. "Egg Benefits and Nutrients." Egg Nutrition Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.

How to cook different types of eggs.

Hard boiled eggs

  1. Place eggs in saucepan large enough to hold them in single layer. Add cold water to cover eggs by 1 inch. Heat over high heat just to boiling.
  2. Remove from burner. Cover pan. Let eggs stand in hot water about 12 minutes for large eggs (9 minutes for medium eggs; 15 minutes for extra large)
  3. Drain immediately and serve warm. Or, cool completely under cold running water or in bowl of ice water, then Refrigerate. "Tips on How To Hard-Boil Eggs." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.

Omelet

  1. Beat eggs, water, salt and pepper in small bowl until blended.
  2. Heat butter in 7 to 10-inch nonstick omelet pan or skillet over medium-high heat until hot. Tilt pan to coat bottom. Pour in egg mixture. Mixture should set immediately at edges.
  3. Gently push cooked portions from edges toward the center with inverted turner so that uncooked eggs can reach the hot pan surface. Continue cooking, tilting pan and gently moving cooked portions as needed.
  4. When top surface of eggs is thickened and no visible liquid egg remains, Place filling on one side of the omelet. Fold omelet in half with turner. With a quick flip of the wrist, turn pan and Invert or Slide omelet onto plate. Serve immediately. "How To Make An Omelet: Steps & Tips." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.

Fried egg

  1. For Over-Easy or Over-Hard Eggs: Heat 2 tsp. butter in nonstick skillet over medium-high heat until hot.
  2. Break eggs and slip into pan, 1 at a time. Immediately reduce heat to low.
  3. Cook slowly until whites are completely set and yolks begin to thicken but are not hard. Slide turner under each egg and carefully flip it over in pan. Cook second side to desired doneness. Sprinkle with salt and pepper. Serve immediately. "How to Fry an Egg Perfectly." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar 2017.

Poached egg

  1. Heat 2 to 3 inches of water in large saucepan or deep skillet to boiling. Adjust heat to keep liquid simmering gently.
  2. Break eggs, 1 at a time, into custard cup or saucer. Holding dish close to surface, slip egg into water.
  3. Cook eggs until whites are completely set and yolks begin to thicken but are not hard, 3 to 5 minutes. Do not stir. Lift eggs from water with slotted spoon. Drain in spoon or on paper towels. Trim any rough edges, if desired. Sprinkle with salt and pepper. Serve immediately. "How To Poach An Egg: Easy Steps & Tips." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.

Scrambled eggs

  1. Beat eggs, milk, salt and pepper in bowl until blended.
  2. Heat butter in large nonstick skillet over medium heat until hot. Pour in egg mixture.
  3. As eggs begin to set, gently pull the eggs across the pan with an inverted turner, forming large soft curds. Continue cooking – pulling, lifting and folding eggs – until thickened and no visible liquid egg remains Do not stir constantly. remove from heat. Serve stove top scrambled eggs. "How To Make Scrambled Eggs on the Stove." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.

Frittata

  1. Beat eggs, liquid, herb and salt and pepper in medium bowl until blended. Add filling; mix well
  2. Heat butter in 6 to 8-inch nonstick omelet pan or skillet over medium heat until melted. Pour in egg mixture; cook over low to medium heat until eggs are almost set.
  3. Remove from heat. Cover and let stand until eggs are completely set and no visible liquid egg remains, 5 to 10 minutes. "How To Make A Frittata: Steps & Tips." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.
5 interesting facts about eggs
  • According to the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), you can freeze eggs for up to one year. "FAQ: Can I Freeze Eggs?" Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.
  • Eggs contain zero carbs and no sugar. "Fun Egg Facts & Egg Knowledge." Incredible Egg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.
  • Eggs are gluten free
  • Yolk color depends on the diet of the hen.
  • An average hen lays 300 to 325 eggs a year.
  • To tell if an egg is raw or hard-boiled, spin it, if the egg spins easily, it is hard-boiled but if it wobbles, it is raw. “Egg Facts.” I Love Eggs, www.eggs.org.nz/egg-facts/. Accessed 5 Apr. 2017.
Created By
Shelly Castillo
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Created with images by Hans - "egg colorful easter eggs" • Meditations - "america atlantic boat" • myeviajes - "india asia rajasthan" • gmshtwjl - "china beijing the great wall" • pennuja - "Chickens" • flightlog - "Truck" • ElasticComputeFarm - "egg supermarket fresh" • juhansonin - "Eye to eye" • Grey World - "Hens free" • arnold | inuyaki - "176F/80C Egg" • yoppy - "プチトマトとバジルとチーズのオムレツ" • katerha - "“The key to everything is patience. You get the chicken by hatching the egg, not by smashing it.” ― Arnold H. Glasgow" • Seph Swain - "Poached Eggs" • Annie Mole - "Scrambled Eggs & fruit" • SaucyGlo - "Potato & Asparagus Frittata"

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