Globalization- making the world stronger or weaker?
Globalization makes the world stronger, not weaker. A global society of countries working together is stronger than countries working independently because it creates economic growth and free trade, the flow of goods and services across countries with limited government restriction. Economic growth occurs because globalization makes companies and jobs come to poorer countries. When countries work together, companies can move to poorer countries and become multinational corporations, companies that work in multiple countries, which benefits people in poorer countries because they receive jobs, and companies can pay workers less in poorer countries—the workers are more desperate for jobs. In addition, companies that can make products for less cost can sell them for less, which benefits everyone. This shows that globalization creates more jobs and makes products more affordable, which creates economic growth in poorer countries. Another result of globalization is free trade. For example, in 1948, the United States and 22 other countries signed and created the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, which eliminated tariffs and other taxes on imported goods. In addition, it led to the makings of the World Trade Organization, which has the same purpose. The absence of tariffs gives consumers more choices of products because goods from other countries become more available, and it also allows goods, ideas, and other information to be spread around the world quickly. This shows that globalization creates free trade, which benefits people in all countries. Additionally, globalization creates economic interdependence, the sum of free trade, economic growth, and its other benefits. Countries that cooperate with other countries end up relying on each other. This causes the countries to support each other and avoid conflict. Globalization is something to strive for; it unites and helps every country on the globe, and pushes towards a peaceful, cooperative world.
Mount Everest, is it worth the risk or not?
Summiting Mount Everest is not worth the risks that come with it. There are fatal possibilities that could occur when climbing it, and the dead body count proves that it is a cruel, grueling mountain. People often die from horrible conditions and simply because of the mountain itself. When climbing Mount Everest, adventurers face low oxygen and freezing weather. When people breathe less oxygen, they become exhausted quickly and can get altitude sicknesses such as Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), which can cause nausea, headaches, and even swelling of the brain, fluid in the lungs, and death. In addition, the freezing weather can cause hypothermia and frostbite. There are often dangerous blizzards and high gust of winds. Another risk is simply the climb and the mountain. The mountain is made up of dangerous zones, such as the Khumbu Icefall. The Khumbu Icefall is a giant structure made of seracs, huge chunks or boulders of ice, and can easily crush people. Other dangerous zones include Valley Kwm, a silent, gentle, but hot climb; the Lhotse Face, a difficult climbing area; crevices in the mountain; the Death Zone, where there is almost 66 percent less oxygen than at ground level; the Hillary Step, a steep rock face; and the South Col, a thin saddle or ridge between peaks. One simple misstep can easily cause death in those zones. In the end, Mount Everest is not worth the risk. Summiting Mount Everest is a great personal challenge that few have met, and many people try to climb it each year, but unless a climber is experienced and prepared, they can easily die. This may change as technology and climbing gear gets more advanced and it’s easier for people to climb Mount Everest, but for now, there is definitely risks to climbing it.
Mount Everest Pic-collage
Q & A
How might having a valuable resource affect a region?
A region that has a valuable resource will allow the people in it to thrive. People in Southwest Asia, an area with large and valuable oil reserves, can easily get jobs and make money. They profit from drilling for crude oil, and the jobs like refining the oil, which follow. As a result, the per capita gross domestic product, or the average income per person each year, is high in the Southwest Asian countries. For example, in Kuwait, the annual average income per person is 60,800 U.S. dollars, and the average income in Qatar, another oil rich country, is 101,000 dollars. Similarly, in Bahrain, people have made money off processing oil. In Dubai, a city focused on oil, people have used their money to create giant skyscrapers and advanced technology. People in Southwest Asia have grown richer from living in a region with a valuable resource. They also can use this money to make their lives better by creating new technology. Additionally, in Southwest Asia, people can use money from oil to improve everyone’s health conditions. Researchers from the United Nations studied changes in Southwest Asia from 1972 to 2002. Their results showed that the life expectancy and the infant mortality rate rose. Life expectancy increased by fifteen years, and two-thirds less babies died. As a result of having a valuable resource, people living in Southwest Asia can purchase medical care and health treatment, which allows them to live longer and be healthier. They can also use their money to create technology that helps infants survive. Oil in Southwest Asia shows that people in regions with valuable resources can live well. Thanks to their oil reserves, people in Southwest Asia can develop new types of technology that advance society and develop their homes. They are a world leader in innovation and will have a part in further development. However, oil is a nonrenewable resource, and once it runs out, it’s gone. People will soon have to convert to using renewable resources, such as the wind, the sun, or ocean waves that won’t disappear. Another challenge in Southwest Asia is distributing wealth equally. While some people have fabulous wealth, others are in poverty. It’s important to make sure everyone gets enough money, and some people don’t. In order to utilize wealth from oil at it’s full potential, some problems still need to be solved.
An oil rig in the Black Sea. Oil rigs drill for oil in water and land.
How do people adapt to living in a desert region?
People adapt to living in a desert region in different ways. For example, they have special clothing and ways of farming that they have adapted to use. The Tuareg, desert nomads, live in the Sahara and the Sahel. They raise livestock such as camels, goats, cattle, and sheep. Once their animals eat the grass in one area, they switch pastures. In parts of the Sahel, where farmers grow on marginal land, land that isn’t good for farming, they switch fields every few years. The process of changing fields is called shifting agriculture. If they don’t shift fields, they use up the nutrients in the land, and it starts turning into a desert, through a process called desertification. Desertification is when strong desert winds pick up loose, dry soil, and blow it away. People have adapted to living in desert regions by switching their fields and where they farm, so they don’t use up all the grazing or farming land. Another adaptation the Tuareg made is wearing long, loose clothing. This clothing wraps all around their bodies. Some Tuareg men wear head wraps, too. People living in the desert, like the Tuareg, have adapted to wear long, loose clothing that keeps them cool and protects them from the sun. When people like the Tuareg adapt, it benefits themselves and everyone around them. In order to advance, people need to adapt and adjust.
The Tuareg people. They are an example of people that have adapted to living in a desert region.
What forces work for and against supranational cooperation among nations?
There are centripetal forces that support supranational cooperation. On the other side, there are also centrifugal forces against supranational cooperation. In the European Union, the centripetal forces are stronger than the centrifugal forces. One centripetal force that unites the European Union is a common market. A common market unites Europe by letting goods and workers travel freely across country borders. It eliminates tariffs, which are taxes on imports, and makes it easier for workers to find jobs. Another centripetal force that brings the European Union together is a supranational government. A supranational government brings members of the European Union together to work on common issues or goals. It also strengthens Europe’s say in world affairs. A supranational government and a common market are two centripetal forces that support supranational cooperation in the European Union. They show that supranational cooperation in the European Union is worth having because of the advantages that come with it.
The flag of the European Union. The European Union is an example of supranational cooperation among countries.
What is the difference between limited and unlimited forms of government?
The difference between limited and unlimited forms of government is how much power and control political leaders have. In a limited form of government, the leaders have limits on their power and control. In a unlimited form of government, there are no limits on the leader’s power and control, so leaders can do whatever they want. For example, in a unlimited government such as Peru’s government during Alberto Fujimori's reign as president, leaders like Alberto Fujimori could do whatever he wanted. Peru’s government used to be a unlimited form of government because there were no limits on Alberto Fujimori’s power and control after he overstepped the constitution, destroyed the separation of powers in Peru’s government, and broke other limits. An example of a limited government is the United States of America’s government. In the United States of America, power is separated evenly among branches, so one branch doesn’t have all the power. This limit along with others make the United States of America’s government limited. In unlimited forms of government such as a dictatorship or a absolute monarchy, citizens have their rights restricted and do not have a say in government. In limited forms of government such as a direct or representative democracy, citizen’s rights are not restricted, and they have more of a say in government.
A chart of the different types of government.
What makes a good citizen?
To be a good citizen means to be respectful, obeying, understanding, and informed. A good citizen should be informed, so they are able understand current problems and politics. A good citizen should also participate in government so their opinion is represented. A good citizen should understand and obey laws/rules so they know what is allowed and what is not allowed and also to keep their society safe. A good citizen should also know that being a citizen allows and restricts some your rights, and also comes with responsibilities that they are expected to do. For example, jury duty and paying taxes are responsibilities that citizens have. That makes it so the citizen knows what is expected as well as what they have the right to do. A good citizen should respect the rights of other people to help keep order and set a good example for other citizens to follow. If a citizen does every one of these, then they are a good citizen.
The American Flag. Immigrants from other countries have to go through a test before they could become an official American citizen.