The World According To Merrill C.

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How might having a valuable resource affect a region?

A region that has a valuable resource will allow the people in it to thrive. People in Southwest Asia, an area with large and valuable oil reserves, can easily get jobs and make money. They profit from drilling for crude oil, and the jobs like refining the oil, which follow. As a result, the per capita gross domestic product, or the average income per person each year, is high in the Southwest Asian countries. For example, in Kuwait, the annual average income per person is 60,800 U.S. dollars, and the average income in Qatar, another oil rich country, is 101,000 dollars. Similarly, in Bahrain, people have made money off processing oil. In Dubai, a city focused on oil, people have used their money to create giant skyscrapers and advanced technology. People in Southwest Asia have grown richer from living in a region with a valuable resource. They also can use this money to make their lives better by creating new technology. Additionally, in Southwest Asia, people can use money from oil to improve everyone’s health conditions. Researchers from the United Nations studied changes in Southwest Asia from 1972 to 2002. Their results showed that the life expectancy and the infant mortality rate rose. Life expectancy increased by fifteen years, and two-thirds less babies died. As a result of having a valuable resource, people living in Southwest Asia can purchase medical care and health treatment, which allows them to live longer and be healthier. They can also use their money to create technology that helps infants survive. Oil in Southwest Asia shows that people in regions with valuable resources can live well. Thanks to their oil reserves, people in Southwest Asia can develop new types of technology that advance society and develop their homes. They are a world leader in innovation and will have a part in further development. However, oil is a nonrenewable resource, and once it runs out, it’s gone. People will soon have to convert to using renewable resources, such as the wind, the sun, or ocean waves that won’t disappear. Another challenge in Southwest Asia is distributing wealth equally. While some people have fabulous wealth, others are in poverty. It’s important to make sure everyone gets enough money, and some people don’t. In order to utilize wealth from oil at it’s full potential, some problems still need to be solved.

An oil rig in the Black Sea. Oil rigs drill for oil in water and land.

How do people adapt to living in a desert region?

People adapt to living in a desert region in different ways. For example, they have special clothing and ways of farming that they have adapted to use. The Tuareg, desert nomads, live in the Sahara and the Sahel. They raise livestock such as camels, goats, cattle, and sheep. Once their animals eat the grass in one area, they switch pastures. In parts of the Sahel, where farmers grow on marginal land, land that isn’t good for farming, they switch fields every few years. The process of changing fields is called shifting agriculture. If they don’t shift fields, they use up the nutrients in the land, and it starts turning into a desert, through a process called desertification. Desertification is when strong desert winds pick up loose, dry soil, and blow it away. People have adapted to living in desert regions by switching their fields and where they farm, so they don’t use up all the grazing or farming land. Another adaptation the Tuareg made is wearing long, loose clothing. This clothing wraps all around their bodies. Some Tuareg men wear head wraps, too. People living in the desert, like the Tuareg, have adapted to wear long, loose clothing that keeps them cool and protects them from the sun. When people like the Tuareg adapt, it benefits themselves and everyone around them. In order to advance, people need to adapt and adjust.

The Tuareg people. They are an example of people that have adapted to living in a desert region.

What forces work for and against supranational cooperation among nations?

There are centripetal forces that support supranational cooperation. On the other side, there are also centrifugal forces against supranational cooperation. In the European Union, the centripetal forces are stronger than the centrifugal forces. One centripetal force that unites the European Union is a common market. A common market unites Europe by letting goods and workers travel freely across country borders. It eliminates tariffs, which are taxes on imports, and makes it easier for workers to find jobs. Another centripetal force that brings the European Union together is a supranational government. A supranational government brings members of the European Union together to work on common issues or goals. It also strengthens Europe’s say in world affairs. A supranational government and a common market are two centripetal forces that support supranational cooperation in the European Union. They show that supranational cooperation in the European Union is worth having because of the advantages that come with it.

The flag of the European Union. The European Union is an example of supranational cooperation among countries.

What is the difference between limited and unlimited forms of government?

The difference between limited and unlimited forms of government is how much power and control political leaders have. In a limited form of government, the leaders have limits on their power and control. In a unlimited form of government, there are no limits on the leader’s power and control, so leaders can do whatever they want. For example, in a unlimited government such as Peru’s government during Alberto Fujimori's reign as president, leaders like Alberto Fujimori could do whatever he wanted. Peru’s government used to be a unlimited form of government because there were no limits on Alberto Fujimori’s power and control after he overstepped the constitution, destroyed the separation of powers in Peru’s government, and broke other limits. An example of a limited government is the United States of America’s government. In the United States of America, power is separated evenly among branches, so one branch doesn’t have all the power. This limit along with others make the United States of America’s government limited. In unlimited forms of government such as a dictatorship or a absolute monarchy, citizens have their rights restricted and do not have a say in government. In limited forms of government such as a direct or representative democracy, citizen’s rights are not restricted, and they have more of a say in government.

A chart of the different types of government.

What makes a good citizen?

To be a good citizen means to be respectful, obeying, understanding, and informed. A good citizen should be informed, so they are able understand current problems and politics. A good citizen should also participate in government so their opinion is represented. A good citizen should understand and obey laws/rules so they know what is allowed and what is not allowed and also to keep their society safe. A good citizen should also know that being a citizen allows and restricts some your rights, and also comes with responsibilities that they are expected to do. For example jury duty and paying taxes. That makes it so the citizen knows what is expected as well as what they have the right to do. A good citizen should respect the rights of other people to help keep order and set a good example for other citizens to follow. If a citizen does every one of these, then they are a good citizen.

The American Flag

Credits:

Created with images by PublicDomainPictures - "water drop rain falling" • conner395 - "Oil Rig and Life Boat at Invergordon Cromarty Firth Ross-shire Scotland" • Marco Bellucci - "Tuaregs with their dromedaries" • GregMontani - "europe flag star"

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