Roots of the scientific revolution
Even thought the scientific revolution was in the 1500's it actually started way before in 300 B.C when Aristotle wrote about logic. He argued that reason could be used to support Christianity and God's existence. After Aristotle many European philosophers were influenced by Greek rationalism.* Later the Age of Exploration helped spur the growth of science.
*Rationalism is the belief that reason or logical thought can be used to discover basic truths about the world.
Copernicus was a Polish astronomer who believed that the sun was the center of the universe and the earth revolved around it. He was one of the first great thinkers to believe this. He was influenced Ptolemy, Aristotle, Aristarchus of Samos, Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Al-Battani, Martianus Capella. He used some of their ideas to help support his own, which proves that when more than one minds work together, greater things can be achieved. He ran into some trouble with the Church disliking his ideas, but later a man named Kepler found scientific evidence that proved Copernicus's theory.
Galileo created as advanced telescope based off the designs of a German-Dutch lens maker Hans Lippershey. It allowed him to observe and describe the moons of Jupiter, the rings of Saturn, the moon's surface, the phases of Venus, and sun spots, which all led to great discoveries of space. This helped influence scientific findings of the space we know today. Galileo also created the first basic thermometer, but it was later improved by Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit. This just goes to show that when two people work together, and even greater product/idea can be formed.
Jonas Kepler was a German astronomer who founded the three major laws of planetary motion. The first law is the law of orbit, which states that all planets move in elliptical orbits, with the sun at one focus. The second is the law of areas, which means that a line which connects a planet to the sun sweeps out equal areas in equal times. The third id the law periods which says that the square of the period of any planet is proportional to the cube of the semi major axis of its orbit. He helped prove that Copernicus's theory was correct, and the Church's belief was wrong, which impacted the whole world's view of our planet.
Isaac Newton discovered the reason why things fall to the earth: gravity. He also created a new branch of mathematics called calculus. Newton developed three laws of motion which formed basic principles of modern physics. Newtons first law states that every object will remain at rest, or in uniform motion, in a straight line unless compelled to change its state by the action of an external force. The second law explains how the velocity of an object when it is subjected to an external force. The third law states that for every action we make, there is an equal and opposite reaction. Many people inspired Isaac Newton such as Kepler, Copernicus, Rene Descartes, Robert Boyle, Francis Bacon,
What Is the Enlightenment?
The enlightenment was a time of advanced thought and culture throughout the mid-decades of the seventeenth century through the eighteenth century.
Main Ideas of the Enlightenement
The thinkers of the enlightenment asked questions that others had just blindly accepted before, even thought they weren't necessarily true. They asked questions about human life and experience. Philosophers of the enlightenment put their trust in reason and observation instead of what was considered the truth before. The used the scientific method to test and prove new hypotheses.
Roots of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment had influences in the Renaissance and the Reformation. The humanists of the Renaissance questioned old beliefs and tried to create new ones. The great thinkers of the Enlightenment also did the same thing. Also, like the humanists of the Renaissance, many Enlightenment thinkers were influenced by classical culture. For example, trust in reason and the idea that people should have a voice in the government goes all the way back to the Ancient Greeks and Romans. Enlightenment thinking was also influenced by Christian ideas.