Many south Africans opposed the Apartheid from the very beginning. A group called the National African Congress (ANC) lead protests, strikes, riots and acts of sabotage. The leader of this group was a man named Nelson Mandela. There were violent and nonviolent protests.After the police massacred unarmed black South Africans at a protest in 1960, Mandela and the other ANC leaders decided to use acts of structured violence against the apartheid government. In 1964 the South African government sentenced the leaders of the ANC (including Nelson Mandela) to life in prison. Protests of all kinds continued throughout the 1970’s and 1980’s. In the 1980’s the international community banned South Africa from the Olympics. Eventually, as international pressure increased, the South African president started making changes. He released Mandela and the other ANC leaders from prison and repealed the apartheid laws.