Mongolia & Taiwan 20th century By Noah & Carson

  • In 1907 the Qing government implemented sinification policies.
  • Sinification is a process whereby non-Han Chinese societies come under the influence of Han Chinese state and society
  • 4 Years later Outer Mongolia declares independence from the Qing Dynasty under the Bogd Khan
  • Bogd Khan was a political leader an came to power on December 29, 1911
  • 4 years after THAT, Russia, China, and Mongolia sign at treaty at Kyakhta under which china was recognized as sovereign over an autonomous Mongolia
  • In 1928 Collectivization began
  • Collectivization was a policy of forced consolidation of individual peasant households into collective farms called kolkhozes as carried out by the Soviet government in the late 1920's - early 1930's.
  • Stalinists Purge in Mongolia in 1939
  • Also the Battle of Khalkhyn Gol: Large scale fighting took place between Japanese and joint Soviet-Mongolian forces along Khalkhyn Gol on the border between Mongolia and Manchuria.
  • Battle of Khalkhyn Gol: The battle ended in a Japanese defeat. A truce was negotiated between Japan and the Soviet Union.
  • Horses have aliases played an important role in daily life as well as in the arts
  • The Mongolian word for "hero", baatar apperars frequently in personal names and even the name of mongolias capital
  • Religions in Mongolia. Traditionally, Mongols practiced Shamanism, worshipping the Blue Sky. However, Tibetan Buddhism (also called Vajrayana Buddhism) gained more popularity after it was introduced in 16th century
  • Mongolian singing does not use words, instead they make the music come from their throats
  • Wrestling is the most popular sport in Mongolia
  • Also in Mongolia archer is a tradition that dates back to Ghenghis Khan warriors, it is enjoyed by both men and women
  • Mongolian education has come under major changing in the past centurY
  • Literacy was greatly expanded as most of the population enjoyed free primary school (grade school)
  • Mongolia has been traditionally based of agriculture and livestock
  • Mongolia grew economically from 1997 to 1999 after stalling in 1996 due to series of natural disasters and increases in prices for copper and cashmere
  • In 1915 a Tapani incident led to the largest revolt in Taiwanese history, over 100 protesters were killed by Japanese authorities
  • In 1921 the Taiwanese Cultural Association was founded
  • Also a petition to establish a Taiwan parliament began
  • In 1937 four national parks were founded and "Sun Moon Lake" Hydroelectric production surpasses agricultural production
  • 2 years later the Taiwan Revolutionary League formed to coordinate anti-Japanese and Taiwanese children ends
  • Taiwans culture is a blend of Confucianism Han Chinese and Taiwanese aborigines culture.
  • In Taiwan the religion base is a mix between Buddhism, Taoism, and and Chinese folk religion
  • The educational system in Taiwan is the responsibility of the Ministry of Education of Republic of China.
  • The system in the ROC produces pupils with some of the highest test scores in the world, especially in mathematics and science.
  • It has been criticised for placing excessive pressure on students and eschewing creativity in favour of rote memorization. Recent educational reforms intended to address these criticisms are a topic of intense debate in Taiwan.
  • The economy of the Republic of China (Taiwan), simply called Taiwan, is the 5th largest economy in Asia, and is included in the Advanced economies group by the International Monetary Fund, and ranked 15th in the world by the Global Competitiveness Repor


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