It shall be unlawful to conduct a restaurant or other place for the serving of food in the city, at which white and colored people are served in the same room, unless such white and colored persons are effectually separated by a solid partition extending from the floor upward to a distance of seven feet or higher, and unless a separate entrance from the street is provided for each compartment.
Black and white people were not expected to eat together in public. However, it was fine for blacks to enter a restaurant to buy food to take out. After ordering, they would then go outside and wait for their food to be brought out to them. Some places allowed colored customers to eat in the kitchen, but the blacks usually brought their own pails and buckets to be filled.
All passenger stations in this state operated by any motor transportation company shall have separate waiting rooms or space and separate ticket windows for the white and colored races.
Law separated these races in public transportation. Some towns put blacks in the back of the streetcars, while others required them up front where they could be watched by the car's operator. Motormen or conductors could not help black women with bags or parcels. Some municipal codes allowed blacks to sit wherever they wanted in the black section. In general, colored people were expected to give their seats to white passengers during crowed times.
The Great Depression
The Great Depression was the worst economic downturn in all of U.S. history. It started after the stock market crash in October 1929 and continued until 1939. During this crash, many people lost money. By 1933, about 13 to 15 million people lost their jobs due to failing companies laying them off. This caused many men and women to become hobos. Hobos were young people who couldn't find work. Farmers, who had already been struggling with their own economic depression before due to drought (long period of time with little or no water) and failing food prices, were affected even more. They couldn't afford to harvest their crops and were forced to leave their crops in the fields while people starved. The Great Depression affected the characters in the novel, Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry, in numerous ways. Since the Logan Family was African American, they were the minority and their chances of getting a job of agriculture or industry was lower than it was for white people. The Logans made a living by selling cotton when Papa wasn't working on the railroads. During the Depression, cotton prices dropped from 18 cents to less than 6 cents, making it harder to pay the mortgage of their land.