FAD DIET - TAPEWORM Digital Learning Object Creation - Nutrition GSCI 1045

Vincent Magno - 100954814

Connie Tung - 100992716

Ryan Banaga - 10104130

WHAT IS A FAD DIET?

A fad diet is a popular diet that usually promises weight loss. A fad diet often sounds “too good to be true” and does not follow healthy eating guidelines that support good health.

Your diet is a FAD if it:

  • Promotes weight loss (2 lbs. per week);
  • Is short-term weight loss success;
  • Excludes major food categories (like gluten and carbs);
  • Promotes supplements instead of healthy choices from a grocery store;
  • Gives you people's testimonies rather than scientific evidence;
  • Does not include physical activities.

HEALTHY DIET VS. FAD DIETS

Fantasies and Truths About Weight-Loss Fads

FANTASY: You'll get in shape quick without expending calories.

TRUTH: No known trick for weight reduction without exercise.

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FANTASY: You can still eat all you want and still lose weight.

TRUTH: energy consumed must be used to improve the body or stored as fat.

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FANTASY: You will never regain the weight even after using a product.

TRUTH: Lower weight maintenance requires life-long changes in diet and exercise.

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FANTASY: Dieticians don't know about "modern" nutrition - listen to personal testimonies online.

TRUTH: Dieticians, trained and experienced, rely on scientific approaches therefore, consult them for your diet.

THE TAPEWORM

About Tapeworms

  • Parasitic, segmented ribbon like worms
  • Consists of a head, neck and a chain of segments
  • Can live for up to 30 years
  • Growing 15 - 30ft long
  • Eggs --> larval cycles --> invade body tissues and organs (invasive infection)
  • Tape worm larvae --> adult tape worm --> latches onto the intestine (intestinal infection)

THE TAPEWORM DIET

Dieters deliberately consume tapeworm eggs so the adult worms will take up residence in their intestines and eat some of the partially digested food, thereby limiting the amount available for the individual to absorb, so they tend to lose weight. Tapeworm infections can cause a variety of unpleasant symptoms and can lead to serious complications when masses of them block the intestine or when they migrate to other parts of the body like the liver, heart, eyes, and brain. The yuck factor alone ought to be sufficient to deter most people from following this diet.
How does the TAPEWORM DIET work?
  • Consume the tape worm
  • Tape worm will HOPEFULLY attach to the intestinal wall
  • Obtain nutrients from the digestive system
  • Absorbing nutrients and vitamins
  • Can cause obstruction in the intestines
  • Removal can be difficult, may require treatment from a professional

How a tapeworm is consumed

  • Tape worm pills
  • Coming into contact with raw infected meat
  • Drinking water contaminated with tapeworm eggs or larvae
  • Eating raw/under cooked infected meat
Possible symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea, bloating, diarrhea, weakness, loss of appetite, vitamin deficiencies and malnutrition.
Does The Tapeworm diet work?

The amount of calories that tapeworms ingest from the body is not significant enough to make up for a lack of exercise or healthy eating habits. (Tapeworm Diet, 2003-2016)

Tapeworms eat more than just calories, they eat nutrients from your body and may leave the dieter lacking in nutrients and vitamins that are important for the body (Tapeworm Diet, 2003-2016)

In some cases, the ingestion of a tapeworm has left the dieter craving for more carbohydrates and sugar, which actually caused weight gain. (Harris, 2014)

Dieters have also reported that the tapeworm diet causes bloating that causes a potbelly appearance in the stomach. (Matus, 2017)

Even successful weight loss cases are likely to regain the weight once the tapeworm is removed from the body. (Matus, 2017)

Learn about Canada's Food Guides and how they can help you make healthy food choices.

Resources

Doerr, S. (2016). Diet and weight management a-z list: eating tapeworms for weight loss. MedicineNet Inc. Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/eating_tapeworms_for_weight_loss/views.htm

Get the facts on fad diets. (n.d.). Retrieved March 28, 2017, from https://www.eatrightontario.ca/en/Articles/Weight-Loss/Get-the-facts-on-fad-diets.aspx

Government of Canada, Public Health Agency of Canada. (2017, March 22). Home - Public Health Agency of Canada. Retrieved March 27, 2017, from http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/index-eng.php

Grosvenor, M. B., Smolin, L. A., & Bedoya, D. L. (2015). Visualizing nutrition: everyday choices. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Hall, H. (2014). Food myths: what science knows (and does not know) about diet and nutrition. Skeptic [Altadena, CA], 19(4), 10+. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GPS&sw=w&u=toro15002&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CA394997140&asid=b4cc55118c40bfcf68e5d47089af3e0b

Harris, Nadia-Elysse. (February, 2014). Does The Tapworm Diet work? Dr. Michael Mosley Infects Himself, Gains Weight. Retrieved from http://www.medicaldaily.com/does-tapeworm-diet-work-dr-michael-mosley-infects-himself-gains-weight-video-268387

Matus, Mizpah. (2017). Tapeworm Diet: History, Methods, and Dangers. Retrieved from https://www.diet-blog.com/07/vintage_weight_loss_sanitized_tapeworms.php

Staff, Mayo Clinic. (2014). Diseases and conditions: tapeworm infection. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tapeworm/basics/definition/con-20025898

(2003-2016). Tapeworm Diet. Retrieved from http://www.healthyweightforum.org/eng/diets/tapeworm-diet/

Credits:

Created with images by Jon Bunting - "greens" • JensEnemark - "larch conifer cone branch" • bo7meed - "bait 1140.jpg" • Alexas_Fotos - "frog cooking eat" • Jamiesrabbits - "Pills"

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