Gottfried bon Leibniz, 70, died after a long struggle with gout Gottfried died on Saturday, November 14, 1716 in Hanover. He was born on July 1, 1646 in Leipzig, Saxony to Friedrich Leibniz and Catharina Schmuck. Leibniz was particularly known for his work in Integral Calculus. He received his Bachelors at the age of 17. Only one person shall show up to the funeral and that is a trusted servant.

Gottfried was known for many things. He was a child genius. He went to college and got his bachelor’s degree at the age of 17. Gottfried was perhaps the first to explicitly employ the mathematical notion of a function to denote geometric concepts derived from a curve, and he developed a system of infinitesimal calculus, independently of his contemporary Sir Isaac Newton. He also revived the ancient method of solving equations using matrices, invented a practical calculating machine and pioneered the use of the binary system. Another concept Gottfried is known for is the integral sign. Newton was never consistent in his notations for integration. Gottfried used the extended “S” that everyone has now come to use. Gottfried was never shy about publishing his work, unlike Newton, so Europe first heard about calculus from Leibniz in 1684. Unfortunately, Newton and Leibniz were rivals. Newton was given credit for the first discovery of Calculus and Leibniz was given credit for the first publication of Calculus. Since Newton was the president of the Royal Society he accused Leibniz of Plagiarism. Leibniz never recovered from that. In addition to calculus, Leibniz re-discovered a method of arranging linear equations into an array, now called a matrix, which could then be manipulated to find a solution. During the 1670s, Leibniz worked on the invention of a practical calculating machine, which used the binary system and was capable of multiplying, dividing and even extracting roots, a great improvement on Pascal’s rudimentary adding machine and a true forerunner of the computer. He is usually credited with the early development of the binary number system, although he himself was aware of similar ideas dating back to the I Ching of Ancient China. Because of the ability of binary to be represented by the two phases "on" and "off", it would later become the foundation of virtually all modern computer systems, and Leibniz's documentation was essential in the development process.

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