Sikhism By Aaliyah Davis

Sikhism is a monotheistic, universal religion founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak.

Method and Location of Diffusion:

(Map shown in background)

Map showing the estimated diffusion of Sikhism since 2004.

According to Sikh tradition, Guru Nanak travelled as far west as Baghdad and Mecca, and as far South as Sri Lanka. Sikh congregations spread throughout the northern part of the Indian subcontinent.

Major Branches, Denominations, and Sects:

SIkhism has numerous sects but, the main five are the Orthodox, Nirankaris (considered Vaishya class), Nam-Dharis (disagree with the suceeding line of gurus), Akhand Kirtani Jatha (strict adherence to Kesi and Kirtan), and the Sikh Dharma of the Western Hemisphere (started in America when women wore turbans).

The Sacred

This symbol is associated with the Sikhism religion. It consists of three weapons and a circle: the khanda, two kirpans and the chakkar which is a circle

Major Beliefs

The Sikhs must believe in the following values: Equality: All humans are equal before God – no discrimination is allowed on the basis of caste, race, gender, creed, origin, color, education, status, wealth, et cetera. The principles of universal equality and brotherhood are important pillars of Sikhism.

Sacred Text

The Guru Granth Sahib is a collection of teachings and writings by Guru Nanak and other Gurus as well as Sikh.

Place of Worship

Any building where the Guru Granth Sahib is kept is a Sikh place of worship. It is called the Gurdwara ('Gateway to the Guru'). Sikh services are generally held on a Sunday in this country. They are based on the writings in the Guru Granth Sahib, together with chants and prayers from the Gurus known as Keertan.

Sacred Spaces

Like in the above image, the Gurdwara is a sacred space shared among its followers to worship and praise.

Learn more of the Sikhism religion on YouTube:

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