Method and Location of Diffusion:
(Map shown in background)
According to Sikh tradition, Guru Nanak travelled as far west as Baghdad and Mecca, and as far South as Sri Lanka. Sikh congregations spread throughout the northern part of the Indian subcontinent.
Major Branches, Denominations, and Sects:
SIkhism has numerous sects but, the main five are the Orthodox, Nirankaris (considered Vaishya class), Nam-Dharis (disagree with the suceeding line of gurus), Akhand Kirtani Jatha (strict adherence to Kesi and Kirtan), and the Sikh Dharma of the Western Hemisphere (started in America when women wore turbans).
The Sikhs must believe in the following values: Equality: All humans are equal before God – no discrimination is allowed on the basis of caste, race, gender, creed, origin, color, education, status, wealth, et cetera. The principles of universal equality and brotherhood are important pillars of Sikhism.
The Guru Granth Sahib is a collection of teachings and writings by Guru Nanak and other Gurus as well as Sikh.