"You are well aware that if a young lady works as a domestic servant she is always a soft target of being easily molested. So with me. I have not paid a single amount and in the name of debt I was made a victim of the sexual violence." (Survey respondent, Gloabal Slavery Index Report, 2016)
The problem of modern slavery is having its different dynamics in different states of the country. Due to the backward farming strcuture and inefficient development reforms, state like Bihar has rampant presence of forced labour on fields and children's recuritment to the non state armed groups like Naxalites. On the other hand, Uttar Pradesh, a conservative state with a lot of casteist algorithms in it, is still suffering from the slavery on basis of caste and religion. Malpractises like Manual Sacvenging are still active in some parts of the rural Uttar Pradesh.
However, the modern slavery has a gender angle also that tells us that nomatter what part of India we are talking about, women bears the major scar of the modern enslavement of people. They go through the sexual exploitation in an environment where they are forced to provide their labour for meagre wages, along with certain compromises with their self respect. This is a structural compulsion which is forced upon women by the society that feeds on profits, ignoring almost every consideration of humanity and social security. Indian workplaces, espcecially that comes under the periphery of informal economy provides no social security, maternity leave and even the basic needs for it's women workforce. It's a form of slavery in which women traps herself out of coplusion exerted by the outside economic pressure.
Keeping these things in mind, we must now go back to the Prime Minister's speech in US Congress delivered on June 8 this year. It seems as if soemthing more is required to be done instead of delivering just mere swirling rhetorics. The government, along with Non Governmental Organizations, should intervene in a very positive way not just in order to frame the policies but to keep a check on it. What is required is efficient implementation which requires determination that has to come right from the top to bottom. But seeing our VVIPs having dinner in the White House, hopelessness is what one could expect to come ahead. The more the Neo-liberal track we would be following, the more our 1.4% of modern slaves would grow. The question is both economical and social. In the real sense it's purely Political.