Dos of Interviewing
Be professional by being on time and prepared to interview. Have the questions ready and have all research done before while being polite, friendly, and maintaining good eye contact. Ask one question at a time to not confuse the interviewee and ask questions that answer the 5 W's and H: who, what, where, when, why, and how. Ask open-ended questions so that the answers are detailed and if you don't understand ask for clarification. Get both sides of the story so there is no biased and attribute all information gathered. If you use any information from the interview give credit to the interviewee and ask wrap-up questions to conclude the interview and give the interviewee a chance to put in any last minute comments.
Dont's of Interviewing
Don't ask double-barreled question because it will confuse the interviewee. There will be no chance to respond and the question will eventually pressure the to skip the question. Leading questions make the interviewee answer a certain way and not get accurate information.
The importance of creating appropriate and strong interview questions are one of the most important parts of the interview. If you use double-barreled and leading questions you will confuse the interviewee or pressure them to answer a certain way whether or not it is the correct answer. If you use icebreaker, open-ended, and wrap-up questions you will make your questions easy to understand and get accurate answers. The importance on correct questions also predict the type of interview you get and how nervous the interviewee will get. If you have leading or double-barreled questions the interview will be tense and the interviewee nervous. If you use open-end, ice breaker, and wrap-up questions the interview will be warm, inviting, and the interviewee will be relaxed. The interview questions are one of the most important part of the journalism process.