Anne Frank House
The Anne Frank house, also know as the "secret annex," was in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The Frank family moved to Amsterdam to hide from the nazis. The secret annex was used as a hiding place for 2 years during World War II. The house was Otto Frank's spice business.
1. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.
2. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.
3. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.
4. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
5. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.
The Nuremberg Laws were laws placed by the Germans to discriminate Jews. They were very unfair to Jewsish people because they did not do anything. Because of Hitler, the Germans were influenced to think that the Jewish people were terrible. Just like the Jim Crow laws in the U.S. the Nuremberg laws excluded Jews from many things like fountains, bathrooms, etc. The Nuremberg laws were terrible laws that started the holocaust and eventually, World War II.
Propaganda is biased or misleading information used to promote and publicize a political point of view. During the 1930's and 1940's, Hitler used and mastered the art of propaganda to persuade Germany into doing things they did not know were wrong. Some types of propaganda are demonization, emotional appeals, name calling, patriotic appeals, half truths or lies, catchy slogans, visual symbols, humor or caricatures. The main type of propaganda that was used by Hitler was demonization, or portraying the enemy as purely evil. Hitler demonized Jews and many Germans came to believe that Jews were actually terrible people. Propaganda is a powerful tool that can be a danger to society or a gift to society. Propaganda is what caused World War II and the terrible things that happened to Jews and other non German blood people. In conclusion, Propoganda is a tool that can create or destroy.
Anne Frank was born on June 12, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany. Anne and her family moved to Amsterdam when she was only four. When the family goes into hiding in the secret annex, Anne keeps a diary that she would write everything that happened while in hiding. However, the family is caught and Anne dies in the Bergen Belsen camp on February 1945.
Otto Frank, was born on May 12, 1889 and was the father of Anne and Margot Frank. Otto Frank was a born leader and fought for Germany in World War I. Otto Frank gave Anne a diary for her 13 birthday before going into hiding. Otto Frank was sent to Auschwitz camp and was the only member of the Frank family to survive the holocaust.
Miep Gies or Hermine Santrouschitz, was born February 15, 1909 in Vienna, Austria. She moved to Netherlands as a child and In 1933 she began working as Otto Frank’s secretary at Opekta, his trading company. Throughout the Frank's hiding, Miep provides the families with food and other resources. Miep also recovered Anne's diary and gave it to Otto Frank after the war.
Peter van Pels
On November 8, 1926, Peter van Pels is born in Osnabrück, Germany. Peter, son of Herman and Auguste Van Pels emigrate to the Netherlands on July 26, 1937. Peter and his family go into hiding in the secret annex along with the Frank Family. Peter was sent to Auschwitz and then later to Mauthausen camp where he died.
Act 1 Summary
In the beginning of the play, Anne, her family, and the Van Daan family all go into hiding in the secret annex located in Amsterdam. Throughout the play, these characters learn to live with each other in a tight living space with very little food. 13 year old Anne Frank, is excited at first and documents what happens every day in a diary Mr. Frank gave her. Miep, one of Mr. Frank's loyal employees, goes to the secret annex every morning to give new supplies. During the hiding, Anne goes through changes to becoming a women and her emotions and actions sometimes get out of hand. A new resident named Mr. Dussel, a dentist, comes and lives in the secret annex adding an 8th resident. At the end of the Act I, the secret annex residents celebrate Hanukkah and Anne gives everyone presents. The climax of the Act is when a robber breaks in to the business below and Peter accidentally falls and scares the robber away letting him know that there are people living up there.