PTC Module 3 Alyssa Herman

The instructor commentary that I decided to use was Enlightenment Thought and Inquiry. During the Enlightenment period, many ideas were brought into question. Enlightenment is defined as a movement to include scientific principles and natural laws into daily life. Locke’s theory of tabula rasa is said that every person is born with a clean slate and without sin. Deism states that God is the creator who set the natural laws in effect. During this period the arts turned Neoclassical in both art and architecture Instead of medieval, they emphasized clean lines and purity that show feeling and patriotism. The most significant piece of information included in this commentary was that Enlightenment sought to define relationship of humanity and nature/universe including the divine. This is what led to Enlightenment. Having this change with time, and discovering more laws and how things work. Of course there were people that criticized Enlightenment as unjust and irrational. It had a negative effect on women One of the biggest debates that was brought into question was the idea of women being secondary human beings. By the end of the 1800s, women were able to go to college.


The first source that I decided to use was Discovering Islamic Art. The beginning of this source talks about the Ottomans and how the rose to be one of the greatest Islamic empires in history. The empire started with many emirates in AD 13th century and gradually they became the strongest Muslim power in the region b conquering Constantinople in AD 1453. The empire was governed by a centralized system with Istanbul being the center of power. Through this governed system came art. The roots of art during this period were in Anatolia but had inspiration from the cultures that the empire has taken over. Islamic art has been appreciated in the west for centuries. Things such as textiles and decorative pieces were great additions to the churches. Art was soon being made for the purpose of putting them in the Mosques. The Mosque is a sacred place of worship for the Islamic people. Since God has no concrete form, the depiction of living beings in a mosque is not appropriate. All piece of art consists of the words of God and his teachings. I think that this source was significant, because you get to see how the art of Islam really changed through the Ottoman Empire. Especially if the art was going in a Mosque, the detailing and work behind it is just so significant.

The second source that I decided to use was Francisco de Hoya and the Spanish Enlightenment. This source basically describes his life starting from his early years. He ended up being the most important Spanish artist of the late 18th century. Goya became a more mature artist during the Enlightenment era. He started working in the royal workshops, the German painter Anton Mengs had asked Goya to work on tapestry cartoons. He ended up painting sixty-three cartoons for two royal palaces. The tapestry weavers were frustrated by the complex designs that he created. As he started to become more popular among the royals, he received more commission. When Goy turned forty, Goya was appointed painter to King Charles III and was then promoted to court painter in 1789. Around the time of the fall of the French monarchy, Goya traveled to Cadiz in Andalusia, where he had an extended period of illness leaving him deaf months later. This source was significant because it went through how Goya became a very popular artist. He started out with just basic art and then started with the royal family. The royal families are what kept Goya’s art alive.

The third source I decided to use was Elephants and Roses. This source tells you what are the main things to see in the exhibit, and what a few things mean in their terms. First of all, the sites take plants and animals from all around the world, and produced knowledge, improved agricultural productivity and diversity, and helped promote economic prosperity. There are five exhibition sections. The first “Music for Elephants”, documents the birth of paleontology based on the study of two live elephants that arrived in Paris as spoils of war in 1798. The second, hunting for Trees” shows the decreasing forests in France and how they led to useful and beautiful trees. The third, “Black Swans for an Empress”, Shows Josephine’s love for exotic birds and love of flowing plants. The fourth, “A flower blooms”, is an image of an amaryllis and its bulb. Josephine paid the large sum of 100 gold louis for this plant. The fifth and last “Everything Giraffe”, tells the story of a bay African Giraffe who was led from Marseilles to Paris. The Giraffe became famous and her image appeared on souvenirs. This source is significant because, it basically has something for everyone with a passion. From plants to animals it shows you all the images and the descriptions with the history behind it.

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