Cyberbullying #kindnesscounts

"Cyberbullying is the intentional and repeated harm inflicted through the use of computers, cell phones, or other electronic devices.” (Chisholm, 2014),

As we move through the 21st Century, technology now dominates so much of our lives. Connectiveness to the digital world is everywhere; in the home, at work, and at school. Schools, parents, and the community should work together to ensure the success of every child. Today, 94% of teen have reported that they use the internet daily (Lenhart, 2015). Keeping that in mind, cyberbullying can happen anywhere students can connect to technology. In addition to being able to connect anywhere and at any time, there is a perceived anonymity to the internet (Oxley, 2010).

Types of Cyberbullying

  • Harassment: posting, texting, or emailing rumors, posting cruel comments or images online that is often repeated
  • Flaming: online argument or fight that is exchanged through emails, instant messaging, or chat rooms.
  • Exclusion: intentionally singling out and leaving a person out from online group such as chats and sites followed by leaving malicious comments directed towards the one that was singled out. Outing: sharing personal and private information, pictures, or videos someone publicly online.
  • Masquerading: using a fake identity to harass someone or impersonating someone else anonymously to send malicious messages to the victim (End To Cyberbullying Organization, n.d.).

Negative effects of Cyberbullying

  • Depression
  • low self-esteem
  • Negative effects on well-being, schooling, relationships (Notar, Padgett, & Roden, 2013).

Students against Cyberbullying

Students can get involved by creating a website to post acts of kindness, create a PSA to view on morning announcements, or create videos roll playing scenarios (Chisholm, 2014).

Why have a preventive plan?

  • Effective anti-bullying programs help the bully to change their behavior (Notar, Padgett, & Roden, 2013).
  • Programs that involve students, parents, and school help develop new norms for technology uses and school climate (Notar, Padgett, & Roden, 2013).
  • Notar, Padgett, & Roden (2013) point out that cyberbullying has the potential to greatly disrupt the educational environment.

Creating a Prevention Plan

  1. Define bullying and cyberbullying (nobullying.com, 2015).
  2. Develop specific policies to address cyberbullying (nobullying.com, 2015)
  3. Include teachers, parents, and students in development of preventative plan to help building a safe environment (nobullying.com, 2015).
  4. Educate staff, students, and parents on cyberbullying. Good place to begin is with the ISTE standards for students and teachers (nobullying.com, 2015).

Resources

References

Chisholm, J. F. (2014). Review of the Status of Cyberbullying and Cyberbullying Prevention. Journal Of Information Systems Education, 25(1), 77-87.

End To Cyberbullying Organization. (n.d.). 5 different types of cyberbullying. Retrieved April 5, 2017, from http://www.endcyberbullying.org/5-different-types-of-cyberbullying/

ISTE standards, students. (2016). Retrieved December 9, 2016, from http://www.iste.org/standards/standards/standards-for-students

ISTE standards, teachers. (2016). Retrieved December 9, 2016, from http://www.iste.org/standards/standards/standards-for-teachers

Lenhart, A. (2015, April 9). Teens, social media & technology overview 2015. Retrieved April 3, 2017, from http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/04/09/teens-social-media-technology-2015/

Nobullying.com. (2015). How effective are anti bullying policies? Retrieved April 5, 2017, from https://nobullying.com/how-effective-are-anti-bullying-school-policies/

Notar, C. E., Padgett, S., & Roden, J. (2013). Cyberbullying: Resources for Intervention and Prevention. Universal Journal Of Educational Research, 1(3), 133-145.

Oxley, C., International Association of School Librarianship, (., & School Library Association of Queensland Inc., (. (2010). Digital Citizenship: Developing an Ethical and Responsible Online Culture.

Credits:

Created with images by magicatwork - "Social Media" • Wokandapix - "hiding sad secluded" • maxlkt - "hand united hands united"

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