Amazon Rainforest South America

Climate of the Amazon Rainforest

Average Rainfall - 50 inches to 260 inches

Average Temperature - 80 Degrees Fahrenheit

The Amazon Rainforest has a very hot and humid climate. With average temperatures being very high with a lot of rainfall, this definitely contributes to the diverse ecosystem we see in this Tropical Rainforest and most others.

Net Primary Productivity

The Net Primary Productivity of the Tropical Rainforest is one of the highest in all of the other biomes. It is always in its growing season and its nights are always frost free. It covers 11% of Earth's Surface and has the most Rainfall per year out of any other biome.

Soil Quality

The Soil Quality of the Amazon Rainforest and in all Tropical Rainforests, is the wort in the world. This is because there are so many organisms living in this biome, that new nutrients are used up almost immediately. This makes it so almost no farming can take place.

Invasive/Endangered Species

Endangered: Giant River Otter

The Giant River Otter found in South America is threatened by Widespread Habitat Degradation

The Giant River Otter, known in parts of South America as the "River Wolf," can grow bigger than six feet (2 meters) with a tail sometimes up to 27 inches and can way up to 70 pounds.

Invasive: Asian Tiger Mosquito

The Asian Tiger Mosquito was brought into the ecosystem by accident. It was brought in by International Tire Trade. It transmits many human diseases, including the viruses - Dengue, West Nile and Japanese Encephalitis. There have been attempts to slow and or stop the spread of the insect by both quarantining and sterilising trade routes.

Animals in the Amazon Rainforest


The Jaguar has a compact body, a broad head and powerful jaws. Its coat is normally yellow and tan, but the color can vary from reddish brown to black. The spots on the coat are more solid and black on the head and neck and become larger rosette-shaped patterns along the side and back of the body. Jaguars are also important in human culture, frequently playing a central role in stories, songs and prayers.


Macaws are the largest of all parrots. There are 16 different species of macaws and they range in size from a little over three feet to one foot. Macaws have sharp, hooked bills which are perfect for eating nuts, fruits, and seeds. The beak is strong and is used to break open nut pods. Their feet have a very strong grip which allow them to grasp easily.


Sloths are extremely slow-moving mammals found in the rainforest canopies of Central and South America. There are two species of sloths:two-toed and three-toed. Most sloths are about the size of a small dog and they have short, flat flat heads.

Fun Fact

Some sloths stay in the same tree for years at a time.

Plants in the Amazon Rainforest

Rubber Tree

Rubber tree plants are a fast-growing species of broadleaf evergreen tree. The plant produces a milky colored latex sap which can be retrieved from the plant once it matures to an age of about six years old. The tree can grow to over 100 feet tall (30 meters) in the wild.

Venus Fly Trap

The Venus Flytrap plant, unlike most plants, actively seeks insects, not to pollinate, but to feed on. These plants grow in soils that are poor in nutrients and they catch insects and digest them for the nutrients that they cannot get from soil.

Banana Tree

Bananas are the fourth largest food crop in the world. Banana blossoms develop into fruit (takes 3-4 months to be ripe enough to eat). After the plant produces fruit, the stem dies and is immediately replaced by new growth. Banana plants weigh on average 100 pounds and can have 150 bananas growing at the same time.

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