Elements of Drama By: lucEli avila ayala


An allusion is a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance.

Ex. He makes vague allusions to Harry Potter being his son.

Comic Releif

Comic releifs are comic episodes in a dramatic or literary work that offset more serious sections.

I have been recruited to provide the comic relief in the new production coming out in a month.


An aside is a remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play.

They have the character of asides.

Foil Characters

a foil character contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character.

Mercutio is considered a foil to Romeo in Romeo and Juliet.


A monologue is a long and typically tedious speech by one person during a conversation.

Most of the playwright’s works began with a monologue that described what would take place during the play.


A dialogue is an exchange of ideas or opinions on a particular issue, especially a political or religious issue, with a view to reaching an amicable agreement or settlement.

Because Kelly does not listen well, it is hard to establish a dialogue with her.


A soliloquy is an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play.

There is one other long soliloquy in the play?

Tragic Hero

A tragic hero is a person of noble birth with heroic or potentially heroic qualities.

Romeo is the tragic hero in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet.


An oxymoron is a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction

Normally, an oxymoron consists of a noun and an adjective which clashes in opposition with that noun.


Foreshadowing is a warning or indication of (a future event)

The good news was foreshadowed by several disturbing events.

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