Our hypothesis is confirmed since cultural features, such as street names, clothing, and language of the Incas are clearly demonstrated in modern Andean culture. Since our hypothesis is confirmed, during the trip we conducted observations on how influential Inca culture is in modern day Peru. The confirmation of this hypothesis made it easier to find cultural aspects that could help support our argument.
For example, street names are a cultural element represented in Cusco and many other Andean areas where the Incas used to live. In Cusco, Inka Roq’a is a street named after the sixth Sapa Inca from the pre-Columbian empire. According to Steele (2004), in Quechua, Inca Roq’a means magnanimous Inca. This present-day use of Quechua names in modern Cusco clearly demonstrates how Inca culture from the past can still be appreciated in today’s modern Andean culture, and how people from Cusco still appreciate their pre-Columbian roots.
Clothing in this area has stayed true to Inca customs and traditions, as vibrant geometric patterns have been used since the beginning of the Inca Empire, and they are still used in today’s native wardrobe. Similarly, alpaca wool was used by the Inca and is still used today. Another representation of Inca culture in modern Andean clothing is the use of clothes to express emotions and social status. For instance, black is worn by those who are married, and yellow is worn by teenagers (Traditional Peruvian clothing, n.d.). The Inca culture is reflected through clothing in modern Andean regions. In Peru, the clothing worn by indigenous communities shows elements of Inca culture.
The native tongue of the Inca Empire was Quechua, which is still present in today’s Andean culture. According to David Collyns, a reporter from a local Peruvian news channel called, Nucan (2016), “over four million Peruvians still use this language to communicate”. An example of Quechua in Peru is that for the first time in Peruvian history, the news was aired in Quechua in 2016. According to Collyns, within Peruvian borders, 47 indigenous languages are present and the Ministry of Culture is working on providing bilingual education to children as a public service.
The government is working on teaching future Peruvians Quechua and Spanish as both mother languages. Inca street names, language, and clothing still remain in modern Andean culture. These are all cultural aspects that are still appreciated in modern Cusco. To conclude, it is admirable how Peruvians still honor and respect their Inca ancestors by keeping many aspects. Keeping a previous culture in today’s society can tell us a lot about a city and its people. In the case of Cusco, the city is a mixture of modern day society and Inca culture. Peruvians are still preserving the indigenous culture which provides knowledge on how the Andean regions are affected by their past heritage and how the Inca civilization merged its culture. The analyzed cultural aspects helped us understand the cultural differences that are appreciated in Cusco and how people from this city are still willing to keep this mixture of cultures alive.