Caroline's Number the Stars Book Diary By Caroline


I think that war is when two or more groups of people unite together and form sides. The loud noise of cannons and gun shots will be stored in someones mind for as long as they live. Even if you aren't a soldier in the war, you will be greatly effected both physically and emotionally.

In World War II, people in those countries probably had very hysterical emotions of anger and terror. If I were in that situation I would try my hardest to stay positive, but I feel like it would end up being the opposite.


When I think about neighbors, I think of people that you don't have to know very well for them to have your back. If there was a war where I lived, I could imagine them being very helpful towards my family's survival.

If there was a war going on and my neighborhood was affected, I would be very frightened but I would still stay confident in staying alive. Even if I had multiple feelings of horror and anger, I would still try to help the community around me because they would be going through the exact state of shock as me. I wouldn't be selfish and hide out by myself, because if I were them I would want someone to come and help me.

Number the Stars

I think that the book will be about the Holocaust and the war because it mentioned words like sabotage and neutral. I imagine that there would be a lot of description of the characters being panicked and shocked. I think the characters will seem fragile on the outside, but strong and determined on the inside.

Literary Analysis

Mama says, "Be one of many." I think this means to not stand out in the crowd. Let the soldiers think of you as just another random person in the neighborhood. She's teaching them this because she doesn't want them to be a target. If a war starts and the soldiers remember how they disliked you, then you could become another person that they would want to be gone. She wants them to stay safe and be thought of as a normal person that has the same thoughts and feelings as everyone else.

" "Well," Annemarie said slowly. "now I think that all of Denmark must be bodyguard for the Jews, as well." (page 25)

If Denmark were all bodyguards for the Jews, they would have to sacrifice their own lives to keep them safe and protected. They would need to be very sly and sneaky to get around the pesky and watchful soldiers.

Annemarie felt as if she wouldn't need to protect anyone and be courageous because they were just an ordinary family like everyone else. She was debating if she would die for the Jews if she were in that situation.

Annemarie's feelings took a whole different turn when the soldiers came to her house. She tried her hardest to make the soldiers think that Ellen was part of their family. If she just wanted to let Ellen be taken away by the soldiers, she could've said, "Ellen isn't really part of our family, she's Jewish!", but she didn't. She chose to be brave and protect Ellen.

Annemarie ripped the necklace off of Ellen's neck as fast as she could, just so the soldiers wouldn't know that she was Jewish. Annemarie could have gotten caught with the necklace in her hand and be taken away, but she didn't think about that because she knew that she needed to protect Ellen. They had such a strong friendship that they would risk their lives endlessly for each other.


The book just told us about the scary observations of Peter. Annemarie and Ellen walked down to a store to buy a few buttons for their clothes, only to come to a big poster with German writing on it. She reported her findings back to her mother, and her eyes filled with horror. Peter later came to explain this to Annemarie. The Germans that were staying in Denmark had ordered all shops owned by Jews to close. That meant they were taking power over them, and that meant war.

Therefore, I predict that the Jews will have to get taken to a camp with the German soldiers.

We just read about a "funeral" for Annemaries great aunt Birdie. She figured out that it was all a scam and that there wasn't a real Aunt Birdie, because she knew all of her relatives. Then unexpectedly, Ellen walked in with her mother and her father at her side.

Therefore I think that the soldiers will come and inspect the house and find the Rosens and take them away. I think they will punish Annemaries family for lying about Ellen too.

We just read that Mrs. Johanson sprained her ankle as she was returning from the journey of taking the people down to the docs to travel elsewhere. When she came back, she realized that the packet that Mr. Rosen really needed was with Mama instead of him, so she told Annemarie to run as fast as she could and bring the packet to him. When she was almost there, she ran into a couple of German soldiers and ferocious dogs.

Therefore, I predict that the soldiers are going to check her basket and find the packet that was being delivered to Mr. Rosen. Then Annemarie and her whole family will get busted and sent to prison.


Man vs. Man

In the book, it shows man vs. man when the soldier stops Annemarie, Ellen, and Kirsti on the sidewalk on their way from school. They learn that they can't do anything bad to make the soldiers remember their faces. If a war started, they could be a target for the German army.

I know it's a man vs. man because it was two humans making interaction with each other and creating a conflict between them.

Man vs. Nature

In the book, it shows man vs. nature when Mrs. Johansen trips on a tree root in the path and hurts her ankle. She learned that she should have been more careful when she was hurrying back. She said she wanted to see the girls very eagerly, but she should have watched where she was going and be patient because she would see them eventually.

I know that it's man vs. nature because the rocks that tripped Mrs. Johansen were part of nature and it created a conflict for her.

Man vs. Self

The book shows man vs. self when Annemarie was debating if she should protect herself and her family instead of covering for Ellen and her family. She learns that lying and putting herself in jeopardy is all worth it if she could protect the Rosens.

I know it's man vs. self because she is going between two choices in her head of protecting her family or lying for Ellen.

Man vs. Society

The book shows this when Annemarie thinks that the German soldiers should be doing stuff in their own country instead of invading theirs, but they think very differently. She learned to accept their placement in Denmark, because she knew she couldn't do anything to make them go back to their home.

I know it's man vs. society because Annemarie has different thoughts and feelings than the big group of soldiers, and that creates a conflict.


Being brave can save more lives than you think.

To me, this theme means that acting brave may seem scary, but it could save so many people. Even if your situation doesn't necessarily save lives, it could still help people both mentally and physically.

In the beginning of the book, Annemarie is very brave when she lies to the soldiers and pretends Ellen is her long lost sister, Lise. By doing that, she saved Ellen and her family from being taken to wherever the soldiers were taking the Jews. In the end, Annemarie showed bravery by putting all of her fear behind her and just thinking about delivering the packet to Uncle Henrik. When she got caught, she was brave enough to act as Kirsti and show she wasn't afraid of them, even though she was terrified beyond belief inside. That packet she delivered to Uncle Henrik later saved the Rosens from being caught and executed for hiding.

Vocabulary words

Lanky and Stocky

"She was a stocky ten-year-old, unlike lanky Annemarie." (page 1)

Based on this sentence, lanky and stocky have opposite meanings. I also know that they are body types because of the description of the race.

Lanky means tall and skinny. Stocky means a big and thick build.

Suffix: -y, relating to or filled with; Other words: messy, cheesy, lucky.


But Annemarie heard Mama and Papa talk, sometimes at night, about the news they received that way: News of sabotage against the Nazis, bombs hidden and exploded in the factories that produced war materials, and industrial railroad lines damaged so that the goods couldn't be transported." (page 8)

Based on this sentence, I can infer that sabotage means that to destroy or damage something. I know that it has to be on purpose, because you wouldn't put a bomb somewhere on accident.

Sabotage means to damage on purpose.


"Stand still, Kirsti, Annemarie ordered silently, praying that somehow the obstinate five-year-old would receive the message." (page 4)

Based on this sentence, you can guess that obstinate means stubborn or not willing to change sides. At this moment, Kirsti was talking to the soldiers as she would a normal person, despite the things that Annemarie was saying.

Obstinate means stubborn.


" "Wait for me!" wailed little Kirsti, left behind, but the two older girls weren't listening." (page 2)

Based on this sentence, you can infer that wailed means to cry out in frustration or sadness, because the text shows that Kirsti feels left out and she wants to be a part of the group.

Wailed means to cry out loudly.

Suffix: -ed, forms the past participle of weak verbs Other words: Cried, traveled, crossed, managed


"Three years, Annemarie thought with contempt. Three years they've been in our country, and they still can't speak our language.

Based on the sentence, you can guess that Annemarie is annoyed/filled with disgust at the soldiers because they still haven't bothered to learn their language correctly.

Contempt means disapproval and disgust.


"She reached down for Kirsti's hand, but Kirsti, always stubborn, refused it and put her hands on her hips defiantly." (page 4)

Based on this sentence, you can tell that defiant means to refuse, because it says she put her hands on her hips. That shows that she was being stubborn with her choice and she wasn't going to listen to her sister.

Defiant means to disobey or to refuse.


"Thinking of Lise, her solemn, lovely sister, always made her sad."

Based on this sentence, you can tell that solemn means serious by what we read about Lise earlier. You could tell that Lise fit that description pretty well.

Solemn means serious.


"It was so long a time since they had dared to use the strictly rationed electricity after dark that the light in the room seemed startling to Annemarie, watching through the slightly opened bedroom door."

Based on this sentence, you can tell that rationed means to have limited amount of because the country of Demark had been taken over by the German soldiers. Those soldiers put Jewish stores out of business, and a lot of the people couldn't access that much electricity.

Ration means to have little amount.


“Ellen stood on tiptoe again, and made an imperious gesture with her arm.” (pg. 39)

Based on the text, you can infer that imperious means to abuse the power or take advantage of it because they were talking about a dark queen.

It means assuming power or authority without justification.


“Ellen and Annemarie both smiled tentatively. For a moment their fear was eased.” (Pg. 50)

Based on the text, you can tell that tentatively means nervously because their father was talking about a topic that they weren’t sure if they should laugh or keep quiet.

Tentative means to do something without confidence or to be very hesitant.


“She looked down, and saw that she had imprinted the star of David into her palm.” (pg. 49)

Based on this sentence, you know that imprint means to leave a mark because the text says into her palm.

Imprint means to make a mark by pressing something on a different substance.

Created By
Caroline Prieur


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