Where the Northern renaissance took place
- The northern renaissance is the events that happened in Europe, outside of Italy, the most influential of these places being Germany, Flanders, and the Netherlands.
- The northern renaissance refers to the art, architecture, and philosophy of the renaissance.
- Oil painting became very popular during this time with artists moving more into modern gothic style than that of the Italian renaissance.
- He specialized in painting portraits in photographic detail.
- He was asked to move to england so he could paint of portrait of King VIII and other members of the royal english family.
Holbien the German Painter
- He is best known for his numerous portraits and his woodcut series of the Dance of Death.
- He went to Basel with his brothers, where they were apprenticed to the Swiss painter Hans Herbster.
Van Eyck the Flemish Painter
- He used oil based paints that he layered to create subtle colors for clothing and jewels.
- He was known for being able to create very natural details and his ability to create a translucent look in his panels.
Bruegel the Flemish Painter
- He was interested in realistic details as well as individual people.
- He was good at portraying a large number of people in one painting.
Erasmus the Christian Humanist
- He wrote the first New Testament In Greek in 1514. His work would come to play a major role in the theological debates of the early Protestant Reformation. He also wrote The Praise of Folly.
- Although he was a catholic he helped the Protestants by contributing to the intellectual foundations of the Reformation.
- Quote: "Would that the farmer might sing snatches of Scripture at his plough and that the weaver might hum phrases of Scripture to the tune of his shuttle, that the traveler might lighten with stories from Scripture the weariness of his journey."
Thomas More a Christian Humanist
- Thomas More wrote Utopia in 1516, a book about a fictional island and it's religious, social and political customs.
- He wrote in Latin but once his work became popular it was translated into a variety of languages including French, German, English, Spanish, and Italian.
- Quote: "Gold and silver, of which money is made, are so treated . . . that no one values them more highly than their true nature deserves. Who does not see that they are far inferior to iron in usefulness since without iron mortals cannot live any more than without fire and water?"
- She was one of the first European writers to question the different treatment of boys and girls.
- Her goal for formal education for children of both genders would not be achieved for several centuries.
- Christine de Pizan was highly educated for the time and was one of the first women to earn a living as a writer.