Type 2 Diabetes Lakayla Brown

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes is when your body does not use insulin properly, which is known as insulin resistance. The pancreas produces extra insulin to make up for it but overtime it is not able to keep up or make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose levels normal. You are at risk with type 2 diabetes if you eat food high in calories but low in nutritional value.

Dietary Guidelines

You should include the plate method; which is ¼ protein, ¼ starch , and ½ non-starchy vegetables, carbohydrate counting , and glycemic index when you have type 2. The right meal plan will help you keep up or improve your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Diabetics should limit their total carbohydrate consumption to 45-60 grams per meal or 180 grams per day. The daily ratio of percentage of grams in the diet for a diabetic should be 55 carbs:20 fats:25 protein. Nutrient dense carbohydrates are highly recommended because fiber does not raise blood sugar.

If you have Type 2 diabetes you should exercise and avoid certain things you eat like fatty foods. You should also eat things like:

Beans

Dark Green Leafy Vegetables

Sweet Potatoes

Citrus Fruits

Berries

Nuts

Whole Grain instead of white bread

Fat - Free Milk & Yogurt

How Do You Monitor Your Blood Sugar and A1C?

They have many tools and strategies you can use to check your blood sugar or blood glucose daily to prevent serious conditions and to make you feel better while living with diabetes. There is now self blood glucose monitor with smaller drops of blood as well as getting results in seconds, which have minimal discomfort and less testing errors. A1C tracks the amount of hemoglobin that sticks to your blood. Doctors use it to see how well patients are taking care of themselves. Blood sugar levels before meals should be 80- 130 mg/dl and your levels for after meals should be under 180 mg/dl.

Lifestyle & Exercise

Scientists have found that aerobic and strength exercises improve A1C levels in your blood. Having a healthy lifestyle and exercise lifestyle will help you control your diabetes. If you start a workout program it can lower your body mass and decrease the insulin resistance of type 2 diabetes. It was proven that type 2 diabetics who exercise regularly have better A1C (tracks the amount of hemoglobin that sticks to your blood) profiles. It is important to check your blood sugar levels before exercising. If your blood sugar levels range from 100 mg/dl to 250 mg/dl it is safe to work out. But if your blood sugar levels are below 100 mg/dl you should have a snack before you begin your workout activities.

Quotes

I was determined to share my positive approach and not let diabetes stand in the way of enjoying my life.

-Paula Deen

We're all moving at such a high rate that we have to grab the frozen dinners and the McDonald's. We can't make it a way of life - we have to get back to real, simple, clean good foods. It will save our lives on so many levels; not just spina bifida, but obesity, diabetes, everything. Food is our medicine.

-Nicole Ari Parker

Citations

DLife - For Your Diabetes Life | Diabetes | Type 1 Diabetes | Type 2 Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved December 07, 2016, from http://www.dlife.com/

@. (n.d.). Diabetes - Find Community, News, Information on Diabetes. Retrieved December 07, 2016, from http://www.healthcentral.com/diabetes/

American Diabetes Association. (n.d.). Retrieved December 07, 2016, from http://www.diabetes.org/

Created By
Lakayla Brown
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