Tropical Rainforests Monteverde cloud forest, costa rica

Climate of Monteverde

The average rainfall in Monteverde by month is: January - 3.9, February - 0.8, March - 1.2, April - 3.9, May - 15.7, June - 11.8, July - 11.9, August - 23.6, September - 27.6, October - 35.4, November - 11.8, December - 10.5

The average temperature (min and max) by Fahrenheit is: January - Min=57, Max=70, February - Min=57, Max=72, March - Min=57, Max=74, April - Min=62, Max=75, May - Min=62, Max=75, June - Min=62, Max=73, July - Min=60, Max=73, August - Min=59, Max=73, September - Min=59, Max=73, October - Min=57, Max=71, November - Min=54, Max=71, December - Min=55, Max=69

The climate stays relatively similar. The wettest months are in October and September, which also have the highest temperatures. The lowest rainfall and temperatures are in March and April. The entire year has very high rainfall - from 3 inches to 35 inches.

Butterfly Lily

The butterfly lily is invasive to the Monteverde forest. It was introduced from Southern Asia, but it was populated and kept reproducing. It now covers the forest and the lowlands of the Monteverde Cloud Reserve, and is a resource for lily butterflies.

Golden Toad

The Golden toad has declined because of population destruction in the lowlands of the cloud reserve. Very few golden toads have been seen since 1989 because of a construction project to build a bridge during the 90's.

The two toed sloth is natural to the Monteverde Cloud Reserve. It's able to hang from trees and eat fruits and berries at the height that it hangs, also avoiding predators

Blue Morpho Butterfly

The Blue Morpho Butterfly can blend in with the invasive butterfly lily. They have had subtle changes to their appearance since the invasion of the species, and now blend perfectly.

Eyelash Pit Viper

The eyelash pit viper is towards the top of the food chain in Monteverde. It is able to hang from trees and blend in in order to consume birds, rodents, and occasionally small sloths. It is around 2 feet in length.

Podocarpus Fern

The Podocarpus fern grows into 5 large ferns. This fern is adapted to receive a large amount of rainwater, since it grows much higher than the average fern in Monteverde. It has previously been called the monster fern.


The spiky tamatillo plant grows on the floors of the Monteverde reserve. This plant has adapted by growing spikes when the plant is still growing in order to keep rodents, birds, and any other predators that may eat the plant before it is developed.

Spanish Moss

Spanish moss hangs from the canopy trees in the Cloud Reserve. It has no effect on the trees that it hangs from, but it acts as a source of food for sloths and other animals. This plant reproduces fast and thrives on rain and sunlight.

Created By
Conor Aday


Created with images by Peter A. Hook - "2013-05-31_08-00_Friday_Monteverde_Cloud_Forest_Reserve_0445_adj" • ahisgett - "Two toed Sloth 2"

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