By Ethan Tessier

Who is involved in the Syrian Civil War? The war in Syria basically adds up to 8 parties backed up by various countries including, Saudi Arabia, Gatar, Russia, Iran, ect. The 8 parties consist of,. Army of Islam, Free Syrian Army, Al-Qaeda, Kurds, Assad's Troops, Iranian Troops, Hezbollah, and Militias. All these groups are fighting or supporting another. And these 8 groups or parties make up two main groups, the Syrian Arab Republic, and Syrian Independence.

What started the Syrian Civil War? Pro-democracy protests erupted in March 2011 in the southern city of Deraa after the arrest and torture of teenagers who painted revolutionary slogans on a school wall. After security forces opened fire on demonstrators, killing several, more took to the streets, guns drawn. The unrest triggered nationwide protests demanding President Assad's resignation. The government's use of force to crush the dissent merely hardened the protesters' resolve. By July 2011, hundreds of thousands were taking to the streets across the country. Opposition supporters eventually began to take up arms, first to defend themselves and later to expel security forces from their local areas. In response to continuing protests, the Syrian government announces several plans to appease citizens. State employees will receive an immediate salary increase. The government also plans to study lifting Syria's long standing emergency law and the licensing of new political parties. Initially, lack of freedoms and economic woes fuelled resentment of the Syrian government, and public anger was inflamed by the harsh crackdown on protesters.

Main Causes of the Syrian Civil War

what is the history behind the Syrian Civil War? Discontent with Authoritarianism and Assad family’s long reign of power in Syria since the 1970s, Syria is 74% Sunni, but the Assad family is part of a Shia sect known as the Alawites, High unemployment, limited opportunities for upward mobility, few political freedoms within country, Arab Spring and success of protest in Egypt, Tunisia, and other neighboring states, Initial government crackdown against protestors backfired. Events and dates, "2011: Revolt and repression, 2012: All-out war, 2013: Refugee Crisis, 2013: Chemical weapons, 2014: The rise of 'Islamic State', 2015: Four Years On.

Who is affected by the Syrian Civil War

Who is affected by the Syrian Civil War? Virtually everyone who is fighting in the Syrian Civil War will get affected one way or another. These groups include but are not limited to, The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/ISIS), Al-Nusra Front, the Free Syrian Army, Ahrar ash-Sham, Asala wa-al-Tanmiya, Sham Legion, Ajnad al-Sham Islamic Union, Jaysh al-Islam, Jaish al-Fatah, and many more.

Al Jazeera. “Syria's Civil War Explained from the Beginning.” Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera Media Network, 7 Feb. 2017, www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/05/syria-civil-war-explained-160505084119966.html. Accessed 5 Apr. 2017.

Pinto, Tanya. “THE 9 GROUPS FIGHTING IN SYRIA.” Globalo, Gobalo News behind the News, 26 Jan. 2017, www.globalo.com/the-9-groups-fighting-in-syria/. Accessed 5 Apr. 2017.

CNN Library. “Syrian Civil War Fast Facts.” CNN, Cable News Network, 4 Apr. 2017, www.cnn.com/2013/08/27/world/meast/syria-civil-war-fast-facts/. Accessed 5 Apr. 2017.

“Syria: The Story of the Conflict.” BBC News, BBC, 11 Mar. 2016, www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-26116868. Accessed 5 Apr. 2017.

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ethan Tessier
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