By: Anastin Lindsay
Fibroblast growth factor receptor: The main cause for Achondroplasia. This is the gene that causes abnormality in growth. The gene is mainly growth in bones. So when an issue occurs in the stages of DNA replication it can cause changes to bone's sizes.
chromosome 4 (4p16.3) this is the chromosome found in the left arm that has been mapped for this issue. There have been millions of studies regarding this exact one chromosome. Luckily it has bee found and more studies will be carried on.
A normal case for a person with this condition will have shorter limbs, smaller torso, and commonly a longer face resembling more of an oval.
Achondroplasia can be detected before birth or after. Before you can tell through an fetal ultrasound and if not detected then it can be detected and easily spotted after birth as well.
Child without Achondroplasia
Child with Achondroplasia
Treatment for this disease is not easy. The people affected by this will not grow to a normal height. Hormones can be used to help increase height but not an average height. In some rare cases surgery may help but as of now no definite cure.
This is and can be passed down to offspring and can happen very easily if a parent happens to carry this disease. This actually stops lots of people that have this to have children of their own because of the thought of possibly passing it down to them.
"Learning About Achondroplasia." National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI). N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2017.
"Genetic Disorders." Genetic Disorders. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2017.