Mt. Kelud, Indonesia, May 19th, 1919 brianna williams-bradley

Mount. Kelut (also known as Kelud), situated in the east of the island Java, is one of the most active and hazardous volcanoes in Indonesia. Over the past six centuries the 1730m volcano has erupted at least thirty times and has been responsible for approximately 15,000 fatalities.

This is a picture of the Mt. Kelut volcano before the eruption happened of the island Java. This volcano could go off at anytime since it's one of the most hazardous and most active volcano in Indonesia. On May 19, 1919 it was the site of one of the most deadliest volcanic eruptions in the twentieth century, killing so many people.

This an after picture of Mt. Kelut's eruption. The eruption was massive so many people were killed, homes destroyed, buildings, cars, and many more. Mt. Kelut was very destructive and it messed up the island. If I were on the island then I wouldn't stay there after the fact I found out about the eruption because the volcano is very active and very hazardous.

The images above show the crater evolution. The years of 2007-2008 erupted very differently with a slow growing lava dome within the volcanic lake. 2014 eruption had completely destroyed the lava dome and huge blocks could be seen close to the crater rim. 2015 the beginnings of a new lake forming in the crater.
The photos above show Ngangtang village (NE of Kelud), which experienced heavy ash fall and roof collapse after the 2014 eruption, evidence of this when we visited it recently a year later was largely absent. The picture shows major drastic changes in a year and a couple month. Kelud has erupted 7 times in last century alone (2014, 2007, 1990, 1966, 1951, 1920, 1919), so the population around Kelud is used to dealing with volcanic hazards and it is clearly a very resilient region as a result.
The force of the 2014 explosive eruption, destroyed roads, bent metal poles and scorched vegetation near to the summit area. Hot and destructive Pyroclastic density currents (PDCs), swept through this region, scorching or removing the dense vegetation that had grown back quickly after last explosive eruption in 1990.
Earlier this month, Mt Sinabung in North Sumatra province erupted as authorities were allowing thousands of villagers who had been evacuated to return to its slopes, killing 16 people. Sinabung has been erupting for four months, forcing the evacuation of more than 30,000 people.
Basically the before it happened description was that the town had to be evacuated immediately or you would get killed guaranteed. So as the volcano erupted mostly through hot mudflows, also known as (lahars). Back then the very large crater lake had formed, the volcano had erupted and killed over 5,100 people and destroyed over 100 villages. This volcano had erupted at least thirty times and has approximately 15,000 fatalities. The eruption itself, however, deepened the lake and destroyed the drainage tunnels. This initial effort lowered the lake by more than 50 m, but the 1951 eruption deepened the crater by 70 m, leaving 50 million cubic meters of water after repair of the damaged drainage tunnels. After more than 200 deaths in the 1966 eruption, a new deeper tunnel was constructed, and the lake's volume before the 1990 eruption was only about 1 million cubic meters.
This picture will conclude my project of Mt. Kelut (Kelud), Indonesia, May 19, 1919
  • https://volcanism.wordpress.com/2008/05/19/on-this-day-kelut-erupts-1919/
  • https://sites.google.com/site/drmikecassidyvolcanoscientist/blog/volcanic-adventures-and-surprises-in-indonesia
  • https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/14/indonesia-volcano-mount-kelud-java-evacuation
  • http://www.volcanolive.com/kelut.html
  • https://www.volcanodiscovery.com/kelud.html

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