Archaeology lacey wright

  • Archaeology is the scientific study of the material remains of mankind's past.
  • The word archaeology is derived from two Greek terms-archaios meaning "ancient", and logia meaning "science" or "study of"
  • There are two main branches in archaeology:classical, or prehistoric, archaeology.
  • Because it concerns things people have made, the most direct findings of archaeology bear on the history of art and technology.
  • Archaeology helps us understand where and when people lived on the earth.
  • Unlike history, archaeology allows us to look far back into time before written language existed.
  • Archaeology is the only field of study that covers all time periods and all geographic regions inhabited by humans.
  • Archaeology allows a unique perspective on human history and culture, which has greatly contributed to our understanding of the ancient and recent past.
  • it has helped us understand topics like ancient Egyptian religion.
  • Like all scientists, archaeologists start with a question they want to explore.
  • Archaeologists look for a digging site they think will answer their questions about the people or time they are studying.
  • Before digging begins, archaeologists survey the site and then create a map to help them decide where to dig.
  • When archaeologists dig, they create a grid to keep track of where they find things.
  • Archaeologists don't keep what they dig up.
  • Everything archaeologists find gets put into museums for further study, or given back to the living relatives of that culture.
  • Without archaeology we wouldn't know about important things in the past.
  • We wouldn't about know religion, foods, and clothes in the past.
  • Discoveries in archaeology are the principle source of knowledge about prehistoric cultures.
  • Archaeology helps us understand where and when people lived.
  • It also helps us understand how people lived.
  • In archaeology artifacts are the material remains of past human life and activities.
  • Artifacts include the earliest stone tools.
  • Artifacts also include man-made objects that are buried or thrown away in the present day.
  • Artifacts vary from simple tools to complex machines.
  • The education and training of an archaeologist are divided among two lines, though the general sequence of each is similar.
  • Usually a student of archaeology obtains a Bachelor of Arts degree and then pursues a doctorate in a chosen field of archaeology.
  • Because it concerns things people have made, the most direct findings of archaeology bear on the history of art and technology.
  • Archaeologists can tell a lot about people from their houses, clothes, and bones.
  • Archaeologists can even learn about people from their garbage.
  • The process of digging artifacts up is called excavation.
  • Any place where human activity occurred and where artifacts are found is called an archaeological site.
  • Archaeologists study tiny things like ancient pollen spores and larger things like pyramids.
  • Artifacts can be found in the ocean, in caves, or underground.
  • Being an archaeologist often means you get to travel
  • Archaeology is studied in many countries worldwide.
  • Archaeology is seen as an important way to understand the past.
  • Archaeology has help us understand topics like the origins of agriculture in the Near East, colonial life in Jamestown, Virginia, the lives of enslaved Africans in North America and early Mediterranean trade routes.
  • Archaeology today can inform us about the lives of individuals, families and communities that might otherwise remain invisible.
  • Archaeology is a subfield of anthropology.
  • There are two kinds of archaeological sites.
  • There can be prehistoric sites and historic sites.
  • In a prehistoric site artifacts that are found are dated before people began writing records.
  • Prehistoric sites are more difficult because scientists can't look up information in any type of book or encyclopedia.
  • In a historic site, archaeologists can look up information about the objects they find.
  • Studying the past usually helps scientists understand the present and can sometimes help predict the future.
  • To excavate artifacts archaeologists use: handpicks, brushes, pointed bricklayer's trowel, hand shovels, dustpans, whisk brooms, stakes, string cameras, notebooks and pencils.
  • Sometimes archaeologists use bulldozers.
  • Archaeologist digs often go by very slowly as each item that is found must be treated with great care.
  • Ancient garbage dumps are called middens.
  • Middens can include many clues about the daily life of ancient people.
  • Some of the things found in middens include animal bones, charcoal, shells, and old tools.
  • Each of these items provide valuable information about what an ancient civilization ate, how they cooked, and which animals lived near them.

Archaeological Finds

  • The Voynich Manuscript is a book full of writings, illustrations and diagrams that are in a language that is still unknown.
  • The Göbekli Tepe is a site found at the top of a mountain ridge in Turkey. This site helped change the understanding of a crucial stage in the development of human society. As the temple was built prior to the city, it shows religion was highly valued.
  • The L'Anse aux Meadows are located in Newfoundland, Canada. It is a 1,000 year old site that shows Viking settlements in North America that far predate Columbus.
  • The Yonaguni Monument is a massive underwater structure that can be found off the coast of Yonaguni, Japan. It contains flat edges and 90 degree angles, there is still a debate as to whether the site is natural or man-made.

Credits:

Created with images by gregwill22 - "pompeii ancient roman" • USACE Europe District - "Archeological dig continues to discover new artifacts on USACE construction site in Wiesbaden" • USFWS Mountain Prairie - "Uncovering Plesiosaur Vertebrae" • jessie essex - "untitled image" • Son of Groucho - "Digging Archaeology 3" • Dr._Colleen_Morgan - "IMG_2208" • Dr._Colleen_Morgan - "CLE_1066" • BLMOregon - "Rimrock Draw Rockshelter" • BLMOregon - "Rimrock Draw Rockshelter" • BLMOregon - "Rimrock Draw Rockshelter" • Bernt Rostad - "Ggantija neolithic temple complex"

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