McCarthy Hearings Propaganda during the cold war

Senator Joseph McCarthy was born on November 14th 1908 He is known for being The Chairman of Permanent Subcommittee of Investigations for two years and reporting claims of communist spying in the government and security in the United States.
McCarthy joined the Marines in World War II to initiate his political career. He later ran as a Republican candidate for the Wisconsin Senate Seat. Joseph McCarthy harmed his opponent’s name by stating that he wasn’t in the military during the war which brought McCarthy to victory. For re-election, he turned to dishonesty and corruption because his previous term was a failure. Edmund Walsh, an anti-communist, suggested an anti-communist uproar. Joseph agreed and took advantage of the people's fear of communism.
February 9, 1950: McCarthy claimed he had a list of over 200 "known" communist spies in the U.S. government. The public went insane believing that there were communists running the country. He soon became chairman of Government Committee of Operations of the Senate. He persistently broadened his investigating and continued it for two more years.
McCarthyism: "the practice of making accusations of subversion without regard for evidence." McCarthy was driven by his own lack of confidence and political gain. McCarthy accused many innocent citizens of being involved with communism and even had the editor of Daily Worker to back up his claims. He was the most feared and widely known communist hunter in the United States. Joseph McCarthy tampered with the media and called oppositions "communist sympathizers" to keep his name in the news. The communist "associations" were extremely overstated. Advocating for women's rights and child labor laws were seen as communism. He also saw communism in Roosevelt's New Deal. His most famous and controversial assumptions included: the Hollywood 10, Alger Hiss Trial, and the Rosenbergs.
The Rosenbergs: The most debatable spy case of the Cold War. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were charged with spying for the Soviet Union. The main prosecution witness was Ethel's brother, David Greenglass, who claimed to have given atomic bomb related drawings to Julius with notes written by Ethel. They were found guilty under the Espionage Act of 1917 and sentenced to death by the electric chair when their son was only six years old.

Drew Pearson disproved McCarthy's claims in newspaper columns and on radio broadcasts. Joseph McCarthy then made several speeches to the Senate and Drew Pearson lost sponsors to his show.

To keep his name in the news he made another big accusation. McCarthy accused the US army on being too “soft” on communists.

On April 22, 1954, televised hearings began airing, starting with his accusations against the army. He had irrelevant questions and yelled "point of order" when things didn't follow through for him.

The televised hearings are credited with the downfall of his career. With investigations on tv and articles, people saw who he really was and his outrageous accusations. He came across as dishonest and deceitful on TV. Two months on tv damaged his name irreversibly.

The end finally came when McCarthy tried to defame Joseph Welch, an associate of the Army's Chief Counsel. Welch proclaimed to McCarthy "Have you no sense of decency, sir, at long last?" The audience cheered and applauded and this led to Joseph McCarthy's removal of power.

Propaganda Connection

Senator Joseph McCarthy used propaganda to try to spread his message that communism was a terrible thing and no one in the US should be linked to it and be innocent. This era shows the fear of communism because of The Cold War. It discontinued in a few years, but it was apart of the controversy between the United States and Soviet Union.

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